Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 240 items for :

  • "pastoralism" x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

Confronting Uncertainties in Pastoral Areas

Transforming Development from Control to Care

Ian Scoones

Abstract: Pastoralists must continuously confront uncertainties, responding to high levels of variability and volatility where the future is unknown. Yet mainstream modernising development in pastoral areas aims to create stability through control, enacted through restrictive plans and policies. Through a series of case studies, this article explores pastoralists’ own sensitive, flexible and caring responses, attuned to the instabilities of pastoral settings. The cases show how uncertainties can be seen as intersecting constructions of knowledge, materiality, experience, embodiment and practice, where flexible, often collective, caring approaches are central to pastoralists’ lives. These insights have wider implications for other contexts where people inhabit uncertain worlds, and so suggest a fundamental challenge to the controlling approaches of conventional development.

Résumé : Les éleveurs doivent constamment faire face aux incertitudes de l’à-venir et répondre à de haut niveaux de variabilité et de volatilité. Cependant, la tendance au développement moderne dans les zones pastorales vise à créer une stabilité par la mise en œuvre de stratégies de contrôle et de politiques restrictives. En s’appuyant sur une série de cas, cet article analyse les réponses plus sensibles, flexible et attentionnées des pasteurs, en phase avec l’instabilité de la condition pastorale. Les cas montrent comment les incertitudes peuvent être vues comme des constructions de savoir entrecroisant expérience matérielle, incorporation de compétences et de pratiques. Ces approches bienveillantes, flexibles et souvent collectives sont centrales dans la vie des pasteurs. Ces exemples ont des implications plus larges dans d’autres contextes où des populations vivent dans des environnements incertains. Les approches conventionnelles du développement fondées sur le contrôle sont fondamentalement remises en question.

Open access

Scale and Number

Framing an Ideology of Pastoral Plenty in Rural Mongolia

Joseph Bristley

took place over three days, framed a ‘chronotope’ ( Bakhtin 1981 ) of pastoral plenty. Simultaneously an important civic occurrence and a ludic event marked by drunken exuberance, the 2015 aduuny bayar drew in hundreds of visitors to Erdene's sleepy

Restricted access

Modernising Pastorals?

The Olive Field and Thirties Leftist Pastoral

Chris Hopkins

William Empson famously suggested in his book Some Versions of Pastoral (1935) that ‘good proletarian art is usually Covert Pastoral’.1 This comment, and the discussion which follows it, has a good deal of characteristic Empsonian provocation and idiosyncrasy, and has rarely been pursued with seriousness by 1930s critics. Thus Valentine Cunningham says that this ‘cheeky dodge’ of Empson’s is at least half-serious, but is more inclined to emphasise the playful half of the intention

Open access

Livestock Dung Use in Steppe Pastoralism

Renewable Resources, Care, and Respect for Sentient Nonhumans

Victoria Soyan Peemot

use Kan's concept in the context of Inner Asian pastoralism, it does not fully define the patterns of livestock dung use by the Tyvan pastoralists who are the focus of this article. First, differently from Kan's concept where all manure produced at a

Restricted access

Town-State Formations on the Edge of the Kalahari

Social-Cultura Dynamics of Centralization in Northern Tswana Kingdoms

Ørnulf Gulbrandsen

While the people of pre-colonial and colonial societies in Africa often lived in scattered, sparse settlements, the people of the Northern Tswana kingdoms (present-day Botswana) were found in large towns with thousands of residents. This is puzzling in view of their location on the edge of the Kalahari, where such concentrations would normally be least expected. Moreover, while pastoralism is generally considered antithetical to the formation of densely settled populations, cattle have featured centrally in these kingdoms' political economy. Breaking away from ecological determinism, the author argues that the role played by cattle in these societies was mediated through social and political processes that favor both state formation and large, compact settlements. The article is particularly concerned with the centripetal forces vested in the cultural and symbolic wealth of Tswana royal towns.

Restricted access

Breastfeeding Practices among Pastoral Tribes in the Middle East

A Cross-Cultural Study

Aref Abu-Rabia

The main purpose of this article is to describe traditional breastfeeding practices among the pastoral tribes in the Middle East. It also examines beliefs and attitudes towards breastfeeding and related issues, including pregnancy, infections of the breast nipple, sources of milk, 'bad milk' syndrome and breastfeeding as a contraceptive method. The most significant findings are that mothers relate breastfeeding to their physical and psychological state. There are also symbolic and emotional relationships between human babies and the colostrum of animals. A survey of medicinal cures for problems related to breastfeeding reveals that these cures are based on substances found in the desert pastoral environment.

Open access

Book Review

Book Review

Shelly Volsche

Nomadic Pastoralism among the Mongol Herders: Multispecies and Spatial Ethnography in Mongolia and Transbaikalia Charlotte Marchina Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2021, 178pp., 34 figures (incl. maps), 14 photographs (B+W). ($101

Restricted access

The Gaddi beyond pastoralism: making place in the Indian Himalayas by Wagner, Anja

Subhadra Mitra Channa

Restricted access

Book Reviews

Madeline Woker, Caroline Ford, and Jonathan Gosnell

. Andrea E. Duffy, Nomad's Land: Pastoralism and French Environmental Policy in the Nineteenth-Century Mediterranean World (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2019). Review by Caroline Ford, University of California, Los Angeles Nomad's Land

Restricted access

The Politics of Happiness in Richard Brome's The Queen and Concubine

Lena Steveker

, most notably an interest in pastoral. 17 The extensive use which The Queen and Concubine makes of pastoral elements aligns it with the pastoral plays performed at court under the patronage of the Queen Consort Henrietta Maria. 18 The exiled Eulalia