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The Role of Diseases in Constructing Bureaucratic Patronage over Ethiopian Immigrants in Israel

Esther Hertzog

This article elaborates on the connection between hygiene/cleanliness and the bureaucratic control of Ethiopian immigrants in Israel. It discusses the role of stigmatisation in constructing immigrants' perceived backwardness and weakness, which necessitate guidance. The analysis also demonstrates the patronisation of immigrant women through inspection of their tidiness as mothers and housewives. The case of the Ethiopian immigrants, who began arriving in Israel at the beginning of the 1980s and still immigrate, will be used to suggest that the bureaucratic regulation of immigrants, rather than racism or cultural differentials, is behind the integration process. Moreover, the similarities between the absorption practices applied towards immigrants from Ethiopia and those from Muslim countries in the 1950s will be discussed in terms of the bureaucratic patronage over immigrants in Israel.

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Pax Regis

Patronage, charisma, and ethno-religious coexistence in a Spanish enclave in North Africa

Brian Campbell

political stability. He has comfortably won four consecutive elections, and his supporters claim he earned the “right to rule for as long as he wants” ( El Pueblo 2018 ). Talking patronage In anthropology, patronage is often defined as a personal

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Politics, Patronage, and Diplomacy

A New Perspective on C. K. J. Bunsen (1791–1860)

Lorraine Macknight

patronage from which he personally benefited and which, in turn, he exercised to promote that interest. Each aspect has contributed to the German component in mainstream Australian hymnody. Bunsen's public career spanned 40 years (1817–1857). As a rising

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Pious Women in a “Den of Scorpions”

The Piety and Patronage of the Eleventh-Century Countesses of Brittany

Amy Livingstone

forge close relationships with the church. 4 Patronage was central to the countesses’ efforts—but patronage for these women was more than giving gifts to an ecclesiastical community. It also entailed protecting the community, intervening between the

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The Personal and the Political in the Testaments of the Portuguese Royal Family (Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries)

Miriam Shadis

Holy Spirit … et cetera”), suggesting a more complete and formulaic original. Despite its fragmentary state, the will reveals Mafalda’s interest in religious patronage as well as her wealth. As the first queen-wife of Portugal, Mafalda had been

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Translating “Holy Bodies” (Corpi Santi) in Malta, 1667–1795

Frans Ciappara

and defend the whole village.” 65 Parishioners venerated saints in return for the patronage they exercised on behalf of their devotees. These “holy bodies,” which performed miracles even before their solemn translation, 66 were deemed essential to

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Reductio ad cambitas

The grammar of liberalisation in Northeast Brazil

Aaron Ansell

Liberalism follows a grammar when representing voluntary social relationships that involve some element of exchange; it reduces them to relations of pure exchange. This paper examines the transmission of this grammar across cultural lines, from the progressive officials comprising Brazil’s Workers’ Party government (2003–2016) to the inhabitants of the country’s northeastern backlands () whose ‘clientelistic’ politics the officials sought to dismantle. By analysing ’ abandonment of the once‐common practice of displaying campaign propaganda on their homes, I hope to explain the political implications of the spread of this grammatical logic – what I call the – to a people who have long embedded political transactions within elector–politician ‘friendships’.

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Death of a Statesman – Birth of a Martyr

Martyrdom and Memorials in Post–Civil War Lebanon

Are John Knudsen

Abstract

This article furthers the study of post–civil war memorialisation in Lebanon by analysing the trajectory of the late Prime Minister Rafik Hariri from statesman to martyr. This transformative process offers a window into the symbolism of Lebanese statehood, and demonstrates how the politicisation of confessional martyrs is used to decry injustice and stake out claims to the state. There is no tradition for prosecuting and punishing political murders in Lebanon, causing victims to be pronounced martyrs. Impunity is therefore the major reason why martyrs and memorialising are so widespread. To this end, the article offers a semiotic reading of Hariri’s posthumous transformation from political patron to patron saint, and is a contribution towards the importance of martyr symbolism for understanding the purported weakness of Lebanese statehood.

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Intimate Politics

The Art of the Political Relationship in Lebanon

Isabelle Rivoal

This article aims to analyse the patron–client relationship through a detailed ethnography of the everyday life of Walid Junblat's followers in Lebanon. It reveals how intimate people are with political figures, talking to them (in the form of their pictures), talking about them, thinking through them, playing off this intimacy to enter the political competition. Patrons also play their part in this relationship. The weekly political gatherings held at Junblat's Palace are the apex of this aesthetic of power. Detailed observations indicate how the lord orchestrates and varies the tempo of his interactions with the ritual audience, adding complexity and fluidity to the relation.

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The politics of entitlement

Affirmative action and strategic voting in Uttar Pradesh, India

Lucia Michelutti and Oliver Heath

This article focuses on the struggles and shifting political strategies of two major political players in northern India: the Yadavs (a low-to-middle ranking pastoral agricultural caste) and the dalits (former untouchables, which in the region mainly come from the Chamar caste) and their political parties, the Samaj wadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party, respectively. Both communities (and political parties) have strongly benefited from affirmative action policies over the last three decades. We argue that that these affirmative action policies, and the political rhetoric that has tended to accompany them, have been “vernacularized“ in local sociocultural structures, which in turn has helped to produce folk theories of democracy and social justice that are directly and indirectly legitimizing conflict, and producing new forms of caste-based strategic voting, based on the principle that the enemy of my enemy is my friend.