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Distributing Responsibilities in an Agricultural Ecosystem

Insights from the Lake Naivasha Water Basin in Kenya

Gaële Rouillé-Kielo

This article explores the responses to acknowledged anthropogenic transformations of Lake Naivasha in Kenya, whose ecosystem is considered to have been disturbed by the intensification of agricultural uses of natural resources (notably land and water) over the last half century. It examines the ways in which a “payments for environmental services” (PES) project has been implemented, reflecting the rationale of ecological modernization. This article aims to challenge the environmental narrative that supports the project by revealing its oversimplifications. Empirical data demonstrates how the environmental issues addressed by the project are embedded in historically inherited land trajectories. This in turn forces us to reflect on the necessary question of responsibility, an issue at the heart of the debate since the emergence of the Anthropocene concept.

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Dan Brockington

more trees and larger trees can still be harvested ( Porter 1994: 401 ). Indeed, the whole point of incentives offered by diverse forms of neoliberal conservation and environmental policy in the form of payment for environmental services is precisely to

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Pamela McElwee

; TEEB 2009 ), and have since been incorporated into national-level policies like natural capital accounting and payments for environmental services (PES) ( Engel et al. 2008 ). Currently ongoing regional and global assessments organized by the new IPBES

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A Crystal Ball for Forests?

Analyzing the Social-Ecological Impacts of Forest Conservation and Management over the Long Term

Daniel C. Miller, Pushpendra Rana and Catherine Benson Wahlén

methods or IEs, which appear more likely to find that conservation and protection efforts have positive impacts on poverty. IE studies of PAs, payments for environmental services (PES) schemes, and integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs

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Natural Resources by Numbers

The Promise of “El uno por mil” in Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Oil Operations

Amelia Fiske

. 2013 . “ Deforestation, Agrarian Reform and Oil Development in Ecuador, 1964–1994 .” Natural Resources 4 ( 1 ): 31 – 44 . Wunder , Sven . 2015 . “ Revisiting the Concept of Payments for Environmental Services .” Ecological Economics 117 : 234