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Another (Food) World Is Possible

Post-industrial French Paysans Fight for a Solidaire Global Food Policy

Chaia Heller

If the post-war industrial model entails a mix of technological and chemical interventions that increase farm productivity, then post-industrial agriculture (emerging in the 1970s) constitutes agricultural surpluses, as well as an array of trade, aid and biotechnology practices that introduce novel foodstuffs (processed and genetically modified) on an unprecedented scale. While industrial agriculture reduces the farming population, the latter gives rise to new sets of actors who question the nature and validity of the industrial model. This essay explores the rise of one set of such actors. Paysans (peasants) from France's second largest union, the Confederation Paysanne, challenge the industrial model's instrumental rationality of agriculture. Reframing food questions in terms of food sovereignty, paysans propose a solidarity-based production rationality which gives hope to those who believe that another post-industrial food system is possible.

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Donald Reid

With roots in the transformation of France during and after the Algerian War, the opposition by the farmers of Larzac and their largely urban allies throughout France to the expansion of a military camp into their lands is an emblematic event in the broad 1968 stretching a decade on either side of that year. It was particularly significant at Larzac, where a community of resistance remains today. Drawing on progressive Catholic thought and a new representation of the paysan, the conflict resonated in a France negotiating the terrain of a post-colonial era, a new relationship between the rural and the urban, and the feminist expectations of many supporters.

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The Other House

The Secondary Residence in Postwar France

Sarah Farmer

Only eight years later he entitled his landmark study of French agriculture The End of the Peasantry ( La Fin des paysans ). The peasantry as a social class, he argued, could not survive in the industrial society developing in postwar France: “There

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Entre Algérie et France

Écrire une histoire sociale des Algériens au vingtième siècle

Muriel Cohen and Annick Lacroix

font toujours référence, en particulier l’imposante étude de ce dernier sur les « Algériens musulmans » 10 . Mais, en dehors des thèses d’André Nouschi sur les fellahs (paysans) du Constantinois ou de Gilbert Meynier sur la période 1900–1919 11 , les

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L’entrée en politique des militants amérindiens en Argentine

Trajectoires, discours, avancées et limites

Maité Boullosa-Joly

des paysans en lutte contre les propriétaires terriens. Ce mouvement a pris de l’ampleur au début des années 2000, lors de nos premières enquêtes de terrain dans le Nord-Ouest argentin 4 . Vingt groupes se sont organisés à cette période, notamment

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Aro Velmet and Rachel Kantrowitz

years when French officials began to pay increasing attention to the interior. Robert Delavignette promoted pastoral ideals about West Africa as encapsulated in his work, Les Paysans noirs . Governor General Jules Brévié re-envisioned rural schools

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Manufacturing a Multifunctional Countryside

Operational Landscapes, Urban Desire, and the French State, 1945–1976

Venus Bivar

Territorial Logic of Architecture,” Architectural Histories 4 (2016): 1–13. 17 Barral, Les Agrariens français de Meline à Pisani 217; Pierre Alphandéry, Pierre Bitoun, and Yves Dupont, Les Champs du départ: Une France rurale sans paysans? (Paris

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Au contact

Postiers non-citoyens dans l’Algérie colonisée (vers 1900–1939)

Annick Lacroix

fellahs (paysans), les traminots ou les instituteurs algériens 5 , mais les difficultés restent nombreuses dès que l’on s’approche des subalternes et des anonymes. Avec plus de 6500 employés en 1934 6 , le service algérien des postes, télégraphes et

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Jelena Jovicic

« toutes les catégories de l’échelle sociale 11 », des paysans transplantés à la ville aux gens cultivés 12 . Entre 1800 et 1850, la nostalgie se trouve au centre des discussions scientifiques, et les interprétations de la maladie nourrissent les

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Marine Dhermy-Mairal, Jean-François Bert and Baudry Rocquin

Des travaux qui seront regroupés dans un volume intitulé Kultura religijna wiejskiego ludu polskiego (« La culture religieuse du paysan polonais »), tenz·e Dzieła , t. 1, Warszawa, 1965. 5 Voir La Fabrique des Héros , sous la dir. de P. Centlivres, D