This article examines the centrality of 'safety' in Grangemouth's recent politics. Scotland's main petrochemical center is a town dominated for well over fifty years by a major BP complex. In a context of extensive redundancies at BP, new insecurities surrounding the future of the company's Grangemouth site, and a series of recent accidents, as well as controversy over planning applications from other chemical companies, the town has been pushed into unusually searching questioning about both safety and economic security. This article explores the different lines of reasoning and rationalization on risk, safety, and the future advanced by regulators, BP, and residents and their political representatives. We emphasize how important the familiarity of petrochemical technology has been in public responses to the question of safety, in contrast to many environmental risk controversies. And we argue that safety has provided a focus for social, moral, economic, and political perspectives on the town's present circumstances and future prospects to be played out.
Arguing over safety on the Firth of Forth
Achim Schlüter and Peter Phillimore
Struggles for recognition by biotechnologists in Norway
This article addresses the need to overcome theoretical weaknesses of both technologically and socially deterministic accounts of technological development. Technology does not simply 'impact' on local contexts, but nor does it act as a tabula rasa, subject to the free attribution of meaning by local social actors. Expanding on theoretical developments in the anthropology of art (Gell 1998) and gender and technology (Strathern 1988, 1999, 2001), the essay seeks to explore genetic technology as a social agent and as a technological 'index'. Examining a case of genetic technology regulation and innovation in Norway, the article argues that technology is best understood as an agent that is engaged with on an affective basis by those who interact with it.
Living Species and the Latency of Biological and Environmental Threats
Discourses and practices of anticipation occupy a hypertrophic space in contexts where uncontrolled industrial growth has inflicted grave damage on peoples and territories, even triggering environmental disasters. This article explores the use of nonhuman species as anticipatory devices in a petrochemical terminal in Sicily, focusing on public representations of three species: scavenger bacteria that play a cleansing role and underline citizens’ moral responsibility to secure their best possible futures through bioscience; migrating flamingos that breed under the petrochemical chimneys, raising the possibility of hopefulness by highlighting ecosystem resilience; and fish affected by spina bifida, which reveal human health status in advance, communicating the need to live in preparation for potential diseases. The analysis reveals the highly contentious character of these anticipatory devices and the contested ideas about possible futures they imply, thus shedding light on the ecological frictions that have repercussions locally and globally, in discourse and social practice.
Production and exchange, business and friendship
. These changes were primarily technological—based on new “high yielding” varieties dependent on external inputs of petrochemical fertilizers and pesticides. These changes and their consequences have been extensively documented elsewhere (e.g. Perfecto et
Plural Citizenship and Social Inclusion in Brazil
Carla Guerrón Montero
the nation. In fact, Camaçari is one of the richest municipalities in northeastern Brazil, with a GDP of $15,891,624 billion (U.S.). Economic activities revolve around the petrochemical industry, the most important source of income since 1978 ( Roos
Marcos Mendoza, Sierra Ramirez, Antonia Sohns, Alex Souchen, Marcus Hamilton, and Erika Techera
drilling in Los Angeles and the ways in which political and economic leaders evaded questions about the health hazards and thwarted attempts for environmental justice. Sarah Stanford-McIntyre explores the expansion of the petrochemical industry in the
Tatiana Argounova-Low, Oxana Zemtsova, and Anna Bara
designated a European capital of culture bring to mind the aspirations of another—Siberian—region that specializes in, among other industries, the refinement of petrochemical products, to push the Novosibirsk State University to enter the top 100 universities
Jacob Breslow, Jonathan A. Allan, Gregory Wolfman, and Clifton Evers
—for example, “he was a good bloke otherwise!” White Australian masculinity is also deeply entangled with the formation and perpetuation of a settler-colonial state and environmental destruction (e.g., violent extractive mining and petrochemical industries
A study of transboundary town-twinning of Idiroko (Nigeria) and Igolo (Benin)
Olukayode A. Faleye
oil-producing country) due mainly to subsidies enjoyed by Nigerians. Gasoline and other petrochemicals are often smuggled through jerry cans and sold openly in bott les, kegs and drums at the Igolo axis of the borderland. 3 This pattern of relations
Notes on the incorporation of Argentina's subproletariat into consumer credit (2009–2015)
both cases, I worked with domestic migrants who had moved in the mid-1970s to Rosario's northern industrial suburbs, an area marked by paper and petrochemical industries that emerged during the 1950s and 1960s. Most of them had settled in the biggest