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Between Two Truths

Time in Physics and Fiji

Naoki Kasuga

physics. My reason for making a comparison with physics is that this science continues to reign as the king of the natural sciences: it has brought about the ‘conversion to physics’ of various fields; it provides knowledge and practice that have made

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Jaap Westbroek, Harry Nijhuis, and Laurent van der Maesen

Physics, through its original relationship to astronomy, has always been seen as the mother of all modern sciences, including the other natural sciences and subsequent human sciences. It holds itself to be the only science truly capable of

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Between Science and Utopia

Physical and Astronomical Notions within French and Polish Fourierism

Piotr Kuligowski and Quentin Schwanck

imaginary devices that were new and unusual to the established political vocabulary but were deployed in order to both criticize the existing world and to imagine a new one. 1 In this study, we examine the role that references to physics and astronomy

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Erica L. Fraser

With the onset of the Cold War and a new nuclear world order, Soviet physicists found themselves at the nexus of scientific research and weapons development. This article investigates the subjectivity of these physicists as an issue of masculinity. Influenced by Connell's models of subordinated, complicit, and hegemonic masculinity, the article finds that the stories nuclear physicists tell about their research in the 1950s are inconsistent and shifting, with the narrators simultaneously remembering unfreedom and privilege. They tell of being conscripted to military work against their will but then enjoying (and deserving) the resulting power, all while maintaining strong homosocial networks in the laboratory predicated on excluding women. Evidence from personal narratives provides unique insight into these multiple masculinities and the way the authors position themselves as (masculinized) Cold War subjects.

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David Spurrett

In a famous passage in his Philosophical Investigations Wittgenstein compares a language to an ancient city, saying that we can see it as ‘a maze of little streets and squares, of old and new houses, and of houses with additions from various periods; and this surrounded by a multitude of new boroughs with straight regular streets and uniform houses’(1958: paragraph 18). Descartes exploited a similar analogy in his Discourse on the Method, drawn in his case between a city and a system of knowledge. His position, though, was strikingly different. Where Wittgenstein describes, he prescribes, stating, first, that ‘there is not usually so much perfection in works composed of several parts and produced by various different craftsmen as in the works of one man’ and going on to argue that the proper task of philosophy is to show us how, individually, we can ‘get rid of’ the opinions which form our existing epistemological landscape, ‘in order to replace them afterwards with better ones, or with the same ones once … squared … with the standards of reason’ (1985: Discourse 1).

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Ontological Opportunism

Reanimating the Inanimate in Physics and Science Communication at CERN

Anne Dippel

We Are All Made out of Stardust ‘Mostly void – partially stars’, reads the quip on John's t-shirt. In its ironic innocence, it seems to make a bold statement for physics, especially when worn on the chest of a physicist based at the European

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Concerning Durkheim's 1899 Lecture ‘On Penal Sanctions’

Introduction, Translation Notes, and Comments

Ronjon Paul Datta and François Pizarro Noël

page read: ‘General physics of morals and law, 3rd year, 1st Lesson, Professional ethics, December 10, 1898’. While examining the full lot, Béra also discovered a series of unpublished manuscripts, including one with the following title: ‘General

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An Unpublished Manuscript by Durkheim

‘On the General Physics of Law and Morality, 4th Year of the Course, 1st Lecture, December 2, 1899, Course Outline: On Penal Sanctions’

Émile Durkheim, edited and translated by François Pizarro Noël, and Ronjon Paul Datta

sanctions and corresponding responsibilities When these problems are studied, the physics of morality and law will not yet be complete. The study of moral rules like sanctions starts from morality insofar as it exists and functions outside of each individual

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Cartwright on Fundamentalism

Unmasking the Enemy

Steve Clarke

Nancy Cartwright has a reputation as an opponent of realism, a reputation which is based on her notorious claim that the way in which the fundamental laws of physics are used in explanation argues for their falsehood (Cartwright 1983). In a recent paper, Cartwright has made it clear that she no longer sees the principal arguments in the book in which she presented that claim, How the Laws of Physics Lie (henceforth How the Laws) as objections to realism itself, but as objections to a doctrine that she understands to be a common fellow-traveller with realism, which she refers to as fundamentalism.

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Christian Fuchs and John Collier

Economic logic impinges on contemporary political theory through both economic reductionism and economic methodology applied to political decision-making (through game theory). The authors argue that the sort of models used are based on mechanistic and linear methodologies that have now been found wanting in physics. They further argue that complexity based self-organization methods are better suited to model the complexities of economy and polity and their interactions with the overall social system.