This article presents an ethnographic study of watermelon cultivators in the Russian Far East and how they approach and respond to climatic risk. For watermelon cultivators, the spatial boundaries of climatic risk are perceived as the baseline condition for the watermelon market, in which cultivators compete with each other by dealing with uncertainties caused by weather changes. While the market is linked to the spatial boundaries of climatic risk, this connection is only meaningful when there are weather changes that differently affect individuals within the boundary; weather changes that affect individual performance in the competitive watermelon market is perceived according to a recursive and cyclic timescale, rather than a linear one as discussed by most theories of the Anthropocene.
Raven Narratives and the Anthropocene
Thomas F. Thornton and Patricia M. Thornton
The Anthropocene is rooted in the proposition that human activity has disrupted earth systems to the extent that it has caused us to enter a new geological age. We identify three popular discourses of what the Anthropocene means for humanity's future: the Moral Jeremiad admonishes the transgression of planetary boundaries and advocates reductions to live sustainably within Earth's limits; the Technofix Earth Engineer approach depicts the Age of Humanity as an engineering opportunity to be met with innovative technological solutions to offset negative impacts; and the New Genesis discourse advocates re-enchantment of humanity's connections to earth. By contrast, we find that in many indigenous and premodern narratives and myths disseminated across the North Pacific and East Asia, it is the trickster-demiurge Raven that is most closely linked to environmental change and adaptation. Whereas Raven tales among northern Pacific indigenous communities emphasize a moral ecology of interdependence, creative adaptation, and resilience through practical knowledge (mētis), robustly centralizing Zhou Dynasty elites transposed early Chinese Raven trickster myths with tales lauding the human subjugation of nature. Raven and his fate across the northern Pacific reminds us that narratives of environmental crisis, as opposed to narratives of environmental change, legitimate attempts to invest power and authority in the hands of elites, and justify their commandeering of technological xes in the name of salvation.
climate change or transgressing environmental, ‘planetary boundaries’ ( Rockström et al. 2009 ) demands we ‘split things up’ (to paraphrase McKibben 2011: 146–7 ). However, where the Green view, as such, miscarries, is in the claim, as stated by McKibben
Carl A. Maida and Sam Beck
characterises the current geological age when, since the industrial era, anthropogenic activities have become the major driver impacting on the Earth system – a time when the human domination of nature is challenging our planetary boundaries, with consequent
industrial civilization because of the forthcoming breach of the nine planetary boundaries (climate change, stratospheric ozone, deforestation, freshwater, biodiversity, ocean acidity, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles, aerosol loading, chemical pollution). 12
Brexit, Sustainability, Economics, Companies’ Responsibilities, and Current Representations
consumption and production patterns will likely expand along with human population and economic growth. The growth of the Ecological Footprint, the violation of Planetary Boundaries and increasing pressure on biodiversity are rooted in systemic failures
Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?
Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing
sustainable land management policies are debated to reconcile multiple, competing human demands on natural resources while respecting planetary boundaries ( Glamann et al. 2015 ; Rockström et al. 2009 ). Different conceptualizations of land use and
The Evolution of 20 Years of Social Quality Thinking
the SQA architecture. The executive summary to the Living Planet Report 2016 implicitly endorses this way of reasoning: “The growth of the Ecological Footprint, the violation of Planetary Boundaries and increasing pressure on biodiversity are rooted
Appraising Existing Indicators from a Long-term Perspective
Takahiro Sato, Mario Ivan López, Taizo Wada, Shiro Sato, Makoto Nishi and Kazuo Watanabe
has pushed humankind toward critical limits of what different biophysical systems can deal with in providing for human societies. This has led to calls to clearly delineate planetary boundaries within which human societies should operate ( Rockström et