allocations for women's issues in women's policy agencies ( wpa ). 4 Research highlights that federal state structures are generally conducive to the emergence and development of innovative policy fields such as gender equality and their institutionalization
Budgets for Women's Policies in German and Austrian Länder
Ayse Dursun, Sabine Lang, and Birgit Sauer
Opportunities and Issues for Social Quality in the World of Work in Europe
François Nectoux and Laurent L.G. van der Maesen
This special issue of the Journal, which gathers a number of papers produced in the context of a research project recently conducted by the European Foundation on Social Quality, is again devoted to the crucial policy-field of employment. Indeed, at national and European Union levels, employment continues to be the most difficult and conflict-ridden part of the social and economic policy agenda, as it has for the best part of the last three decades. There has been very limited policy success in this field, and this is clearly illustrated by the fact that the most intractable problem, that of mass unemployment, has not been solved to any significant extent.
This chapter deals with two momentous structural reforms introduced by the Monti government in the social policy field: the pension reform approved in late 2011 and the labor market reform passed in July 2012. Alongside discussing the content of these two reforms and their plausible policy impact, the chapter places them in the context of the Italian sovereign debt crisis and shows how they were introduced due to pressures exerted by international and supra-national actors. The analysis focuses in particular on the policy-making process of the labor market reform, reconstructing the various stages it went through. All this took place in the context of a new policy style by the Monti government, which forced decisions in the shadow of hierarchy and even took unilateral action, pursuing its policy objectives under the legitimacy provided by the international actors and the sense of urgency stemming from the sovereign debt crisis.
This article focuses on the site where much anthropological work is conducted—universities—and anthropological approaches to studying their current transformations. Although I work comparatively on the imagining and enactment of universities in Denmark and Britain, here I focus on the recent changes to universities in England, which have taken many by surprise, as if they exceeded anyone's wildest imagination and were even beyond belief. I will trace how the “conditions of possibility” for the current changes came about—the tripling of student fees, removal of government funding for teaching in arts and social sciences, and transfer of public resources to commercial, for-profit higher education companies. I will briefly outline the problems that opponents to these moves are having in imagining an alternative future, let alone organizing themselves to contest current developments. In conclusion, I will point to the changes in anthropology itself that are incurred when engaging in an ethnography of such a large policy field and when attempting to capture “what the present is producing” (Moore 1987: 727).
Simon Tormey and Jean-Paul Gagnon
, representative institutions like parliaments and political parties have little room and still less patience for the nonhuman, and so-called democratic states continue to enclose policy fields into the domain of the elected politician whilst securitizing powerful
Dannica Fleuß and Gary S. Schaal
the societal changes resulting from processes of digitalization in the political and economic domain. Digitalization has produced technological innovations that have already changed the practice of democracy in most of today's countries and policy
Luke B. Wood
production in Europe’s largest and wealthiest democracy. Scholarly analyses that apply bureaucratic politics modeling to a wide variety of policy fields demonstrate that competition among and between powerful bureaucratic actors in the German domestic
other policy fields as well. The Christian Democrats also have closer ties to the economic sector, and more cdu / csu parliamentarians than Social Democratic politicians have lucrative secondary occupations. Within the spd , experts in the field of
-ZEI cooperation encompasses: joint analysis of selected policy fields by equally represented bi-regional groups of researchers; joint policy advice for West African regional decision makers on the basis of the elaborated research results; a joint
Toward an Explanation of Inconsistencies between Framing and Policies
Henri Bergeron, Patrick Castel, and Abigail C. Saguy
: Ideas, Influence and Resources in San Francisco's Homeless Policy Field,” Social Problems 56, 2 (2009). 24 Ibid. 25 See also Theda Skocpol, “First Social Security System: The Expansion of Benefits for Civil War Veterans,” Political Science