This essay explores a body of 340 poems created by political prisoners who were accused of and imprisoned for anti-state activity in late 1940s and 1950s Stalinist Poland. Evaluating prison poetry as a historical source, I understand the process of composing a poem as the result of a prisoner’s need to document the world around her/himself, as a psychological activity that contained diffi cult prison experiences, as a negotiation of emotional and often conflicting states, and as a social practice through which prison poets affected themselves and the people around them. Situated somewhere at the intersection of the personal and political, poetry became one of the most powerful sites of resistance. In addition to evaluating prison poetry as a historical source, this essay also explores gender differences and similarities in the body of 340 poems discussed here and in the social function of the prison poems.
The Poetry of Male and Female Political Prisoners in Postwar Poland
This article analyzes the Gulag memoirs of four women political prisoners—Olga Adamova-Sliozberg, Liudmila Miklashevskaya, Nadezhda Joffe, and Valentina Grigorievna levleva-Pavlenko—to examine the interplay of motherhood and survival. Each was a mother of small children sentenced to forced labor camps in the northern polar regions of the Soviet Union. Motherhood played a complex role in their survival. The rupture in family relations, particularly the separation from their children, magnified the psychological and emotional stress of their incarceration. Yet, being a mother in the camps provided a compelling motivation to stay alive. It helped them to sustain a sense of normalcy by connecting them to their former lives and to the family unit that represented stability and sustenance amid the bleakness of their Gulag existence.
New Scholarship on Exile in the Late Russian Empire
Jeffrey S. Hardy
both impulses simultaneously. One commander, wrote a visiting inspector, “bent” the political prisoners to his will through a combination of harsh discipline and good living conditions. 38 Ultimately, the experience of exiles was highly dependent on
A Research Report
Werner Pfennig, Vu Tien Dung and Alexander Pfennig
is difficult to determine from which federal ministry’s budget the specific amounts actually originated. Another example is the buyout-scheme for political prisoners, where the Federal Republic paid the gdr for their release. There are no official
Corinna Mullin and Ian Patel
, former political prisoner, speaking at an artistic commemoration of torture committed during the former regime held in November 2012 at the Ministry of Human Rights and Transitional Justice ( Abdellaoui 2012 ). Five years after Tunisia’s uprising in the
the governor of St. Petersburg, Fjodor Trepov, had ordered the illegal whipping of a political prisoner, who had failed to take off his hat again when the governor crossed the prison yard a second time. Zasulich waited in vain for the public outrage
Laurie Kain Hart
’s College . Vidali , Anna . 1997 . “ Identification and the Transmission of Trauma .” New Formations 30 : 33 – 46 . Voglis , Polymeris . 2002 . Becoming a Subject: Political Prisoners during the Greek Civil War . New York : Berghahn Books .
The Legacy of the 1917 Espionage Act in the United States
Act: A History of the Fight for Free Speech in America (Boston: Beacon Press, 2007), 27; Raban, Free Speech , 256–261. 25 Amnesty and Pardon for Political Prisoners , “Statement of Mr. A. Mitchell Palmer, Attorney General of the United States
hundreds of political prisoners in Petrograd, to the brutality with which the Civil War was fought, and to the deportation of almost a quarter of the entire Terek Cossak population in 1920. 37 The Bolsheviks, in the words of Laura Engelstein, torpedoed an
Optics of regulation and control
Ieva Jusionyte and Daniel M. Goldstein
, and Nilda Flores-Gonzalez . 2010 . Marcha: Latino Chicago and the immigrants rights movement . Champaign : University of Illinois Press . Park , Rebekah . 2014 . The reappeared: Argentine former political prisoners . New Brunswick : Rutgers