-intellectuals of the Azanian tradition contains searing and imaginative formulations of ethics and politics that can be drawn upon to contest the prevailing interpretations and hegemonic paradigms of social and political thought in ‘South Africa’ and the world
Azanian Political Thought and the Undoing of South African Knowledges
Using short-form student videos to widen the canon of political thought
Rasmus Karlsson and Kalle Eriksson
-understanding and priorities. Before elaborating on the format of this particular assignment, we would like to briefly review the broader discussion concerning the role of canon in political thought since this background is important for understanding the purpose of
Patriotism and Gender in the Tradition of Modern Political Thought
The author provides a historical analysis of the use of gender metaphors in republican discourse, chiefly the representation of the republic as a father (patria) and as a mother (matria). Both metaphors are present throughout the history of Western political thought, from ancient Rome to the Modern Era. The text shows that their use has profound implications in the way citizenship is conceived and loyalty to the republic can be justified. Finally, the text also identifies a third republican metaphor, fraternity, which has been mostly neglected by republican thought, with few important exceptions. The author concludes by exploring the normative and theoretical possibilities opened up by substituting fraternity for the gendered metaphors.
Ellen Meiksins Wood's Reinterpretation of the History of Political Thought
For most of its existence, the academic study of politics has been based on the reading of the texts of a recognised number of great thinkers from Greek and Roman antiquity through the European middle ages to modern Europe. In the English-speaking world, the example of ‘Greats’ at Oxford – and ‘Modern Greats’ (philosophy, politics and economics) after 1920 – has been crucial in establishing this approach. In 1928, in his inaugural lecture as Professor of Political Science at Cambridge, Ernest Barker (1930:204) still saw the central role of the history of political thought as uncontroversial: ‘The more the development of political ideas is studied, the richer will be the development of political theory’.
Three Concepts of Tyranny in Western Medieval Political Thought
Cary J. Nederman
Contemporary scholars generally agree the concept of the tyrant and the ideas and language (such as tyrannicide) attendant on it—integral to Western political thought for centuries—fell into disuse beginning in the nineteenth century. This
Lithuanian Political Thought in the Twentieth Century and its Reflections in Sąjūdis
What Kind of State Have Lithuanians Been Fighting For?
This article deals with the question of the conceptualization of state (Lith. valstybe) in twentieth-century Lithuanian political thought and its reflections in Sąjūdis, the Lithuanian independence movement, during the years 1988-1990. It is a commonly accepted myth that Sąjūdis restored the language of Lithuania's interwar period and thus the nation-centered, nationalistic paradigm of that period. A closer look at the political discourse of the interwar period suggests that it is misleading to talk about this kind of restitution. Furthermore, considering the fact that it is important to take into account the Soviet paradigms of the state that influenced Lithuanian political discourse for fifty years, the article finds arguments for speaking about a continuation of Soviet political discourse. Thus, along with restitution, it is possible to find continuities while conceptualizing state in Sąjūdis. While analyzing the meaning and semantic fields of those concepts, it is possible to draw arguments about the real nature of the political transformation of Soviet Lithuania.
Liberalism's Historical Diversity
A Comparative Conceptual Exploration
José María Rosales
Rooted in late seventeenth-century theories of rights, liberal ideas have brought forth since the nineteenth century a full-edged complex of traditions in moral, political, economic, social, and legal thought. Yet in historiographical debates such complexity is often blurred by presenting it under the uniform terms of a canon. Along with other methods, conceptual history is contributing to the rediscovery of liberalism's diversity. This group of articles compiles three conceptual studies on scarcely explored aspects of the history of liberalism in Denmark, Finland, and Hungary—countries whose political past has only occasionally figured in mainstream accounts of European liberalism. This introductory article is a methodological discussion of the rationale and forms in which liberalism's historical diversity is rendered through comparative conceptual research. After reflecting on the limits of the Anglophone history of political thought to grasp the plurality of liberal traditions, the article examines how transnational conceptual histories recast the understanding of liberalism as a concept, theory, ideology, and political movement.
Representative Government in the Dutch Provinces
The Controversy over the Stadtholderate (1705–1707) and Simon van Slingelandt
Beginning of the Dutch Ancien Regime,” in Political Thought in the Dutch Republic: Three Studies (Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 2000), 133–166; Theo Veen, “De legitimatie van de souverainiteit der Staten bij Huber en Kluit
A Study in the Rehabilitation of a Concept
For centuries, innovation was a political and contested concept and linguistic weapon used against one's enemy. To support their case, opponents of innovation made use of arguments from ethos and pathos to give power and sustenance to their criticisms and to challenge the innovators. However, since the nineteenth century the arguments have changed completely. Innovation gradually got rehabilitated. This article looks at one type of rehabilitation: the semantic rehabilitation. People started to reread history and to redescribe what innovation is. What was bad innovation became good innovation because of long-lasting and beneficial effects, so it was believed.
On the Relevance of Niccolò Machiavelli's Understanding of Time for Contemporary Politics
Alighieri. There is no Limbo, no Inferno, no Purgatorio and no Paradiso. Within Machiavelli's political thought, there is no place for the idea of an ‘after-world’, since he understands human action as an ongoing cycle. Outside this cycle, no promise