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Indigeneity Construction in the Russian Census 2002

Sergey V. Sokolovskiy

This article is a case study of the emergence and construction of politically salient social classifications that underpin such phenomena as ethnicity and nationalism in contemporary Russia. Official recognition of ethnic group in Russia often entails political visibility and special status with an associated set of legal provisions. In addition to 'titular peoples' of the republics, the Russian legal system has several legal categories based on ethnicity, such as indigenous peoples and national minorities, whose members claim and attain special status and associated rights. In order to ensure these rights, the state administration needs reliable information on the numbers of people in such categories.

The article analyzes ethnic and languages categorization in the population census of 2002, describes the related census technology, comments on legal definitions of indigenous peoples in Russia, and within this framework elaborates on the topic of indigeneity construction. It also provides an interpretation of the numerical threshold employed in federal laws on indigenous peoples.

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Crafting Good Indicators

Human–Machine Entanglements in Brazil's 2022 Population Census

Moisés Kopper and Ulisses Corrêa Duarte

In the last decades, population censuses have become complex engines of human–machine interaction. The digitisation of public statistics has sparked new methods, objects of concern and arenas of measurement to maintain relevance before society

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A Multilevel Approach to Measuring Social Capacity in a European Context

Ferenc Bódi, Jenő Zsolt Farkas, and Péter Róbert

in connection with development and objective well-being were taken from the Eurostat Regions database and the 2011 population census. Besides the application of the micro-macro data in the international comparison, the study goes beyond the fact that

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Documentary Appendix

Susy Monica Lelli

The tables presented in this final part of the present volume offer a

general picture of the demographic, economic, social, and political

situation in the country. This year, given the opportunity of using the

first results of the fourteenth population census (October 2001), some

tables offer a comparison with results from the two previous censuses

(1981 and 1991) with regard to some of the demographic and social

indicators; for other indicators, tables portray their evolution over the

last decade (1991–2001).

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Siberian Demography

John P. Ziker and David G. Anderson

This special issue of Sibirica features a selection of recent research on the demography of Siberians with a special emphasis on what Russian scholars call the etnodemografiia of the “sparse” (malochislennye) peoples of Siberia. Demographic analysis has occupied a privileged place in the study of Siberia serving interests that go well beyond the tallying of souls that one usually associates with this exercise. The very first Imperial-era surveys of Siberia, aside from providing a description of the geography, described the character and qualities of the people encountered (Castrén 1853–1858; Fisher 1774; Georgi 1799; Middendorf 1860–1869). Early scholars of Siberian peoples thought that they needed to understand both the size and social structure of local societies in order to tax them efficiently. Early registers of indigenous peoples in the seventeenth century tended to focus on the numbers of male hunters likely to provision the furs coveted by the Russian state (Bakhrushin 1955). However, by a very early date in the nineteenth century, the Russian state created regular tribute quotas matched to the “level of civilization” of specific nations (Raeff 1956). By contrast, what one today might recognize as a modern type of population survey based on the interviews of individual men and women came relatively late with the 1897 All-Russian Census and arguably was only implemented completely for the first time with the Soviet population census of 1926. The latter census incorporated an especially intensive survey of the “polar” and indigenous (tuzemnoe) population (Anderson 2006). The state curiosity in the populousness and professional structure of all of the discrete peoples in Russia continued as a constant concern throughout the Soviet period, and with a brief post- Soviet hiatus, is continuing in the Russian Federation. How can these three hundred years of surveying be best understood?

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A Booming City in the Far North

Demographic and Migration Dynamics of Yakutsk, Russia

Svetlana Sukneva and Marlene Laruelle

breakdowns of the population of Yakutsk derived from the data of all-population censuses from 1939 to 2002 show that Yakuts long comprised only 20–25 percent of the city's residents. That figure had risen to 47.4 percent by the All-Russia Population Census of

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Indigenous Urbanization in Russia's Arctic

The Case of Nenets Autonomous Region

Marya Rozanova

(see Table 1 ). Table 1. The Share of the Nenets Urban and Rural Population in NAO, 2002 and 2010. Source: Author's compilation based on the 2002 and 2010 All-Russian Population Censuses, Russian Federal State Statistics Service data, www

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The Socio-Demographic Situation in the Republic of Tuva

Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s

Zoya Dorzhu

Translator : Jenanne Ferguson

the number of women surpassing the number of men (see Table 2 ). In Tuva, the urban population continued to increase, primarily due to the reduction of rural and natural growth. According to the 1989 population census, the urban population of Tuva was

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Educational Institutions as a Resource for the Urbanization of Indigenous People

The Case of Yakutsk

Vera Kuklina, Sargylana Ignatieva, and Uliana Vinokurova

Institute of Culture and Arts (AGIKI). The research is based on analysis of both secondary sources and original fieldwork. Statistical data were obtained from the All-Russian Population Censuses, school and university websites, research papers on the topic

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Introduction

Number Politics after Datafication

Moisés Kopper and Hannah Knox

reconfiguring the idea of the social collective that also sustains state work. Evelyn Ruppert and Stephan Scheel (2021) investigate how the affordances of new forms of data introduced alongside the ten-year population census have prompted a re-evaluation of the