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Prospects of Development for Urban Areas in the Russian Arctic

Igor Popov

Abstract

The development of the Arctic was an important political and economic topic of the Soviet Union. This urbanization activity declined dramatically in the economic and political chaos of the 1990s, although some positive transformations have been seen in the new millennium. This article examines whether the colonization of the Russian Arctic will follow Soviet-era plans or the region will remain scarcely populated in the near future. The history and methods of urbanization in the Russian Arctic have been analyzed in order to better shed light on this question.

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A Booming City in the Far North

Demographic and Migration Dynamics of Yakutsk, Russia

Svetlana Sukneva and Marlene Laruelle

broader Russian Far North demographic landscape is that it is the only non-oil and non-gas city with booming demography. The majority of Russian Arctic and subarctic cities have seen their populations decline over the past three decades, with the only

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The Fate of Fishing in Tsarist Russia

The Human-Fish Nexus in Lake Baikal

Nicholas B. Breyfogle

This article explores the history of fishing on Lake Baikal in an effort to understand the fish-human nexus, to expand our understandings of the Russian relationship to the environment before the twentieth century, and to think about the colonial encounter in Siberia from an environmental angle. Fishing has long been a crucial, life-sustaining, and culturally important component of life at Baikal; and fish and people have long existed in mutually influential and intertwined webs of relations. Fish populations declined markedly in Baikal from the late eighteenth century on-a drop with which Soviet fishers and policymakers continued to struggle throughout the twentieth century. The fate of Baikal's fish was the result of 1) the tax-farming, market-based economic structures of tsarist colonialism and 2) the new fishing technologies that Russian settlers brought with them to the practice of fishing-both of which were "revolutionary" transformations from the pre-colonial Buriat and Evenk fishing methods and systems. Notably, this massive fish population decrease came about before any industrial change affected the area. Humans, this story shows, do not need to have industrial machines with their extractive capabilities and pollution by-products in order to bring about systemic ecological and evolutionary changes.

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Editorial

Past and Present

Matthew P. Romaniello

ourselves just to the recent decades but working in a wider view. After all, even the public conversation about the demographic crisis in 1968 was not new—debates about Russia’s population decline began at the start of the eighteenth century, if not earlier

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Postcommunist Germany

Comparing Eastern Germany and Central and Eastern Europe's Political Development

Hadas Aron

. 25 Population loss after the transition contributed to the feeling of being left behind. Hungary, the most extreme of the four countries, experienced a 9 percent population decline from 1985 to 2021 (from 10.7 to 9.7 million residents). 26 Out

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The Socio-Demographic Situation in the Republic of Tuva

Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s

Zoya Dorzhu

Translator : Jenanne Ferguson

outflow of population from rural to suburban areas. Therefore, despite the natural increase, 12 of the 17 rural areas recorded overall population decline due to migration losses. According to the 2002 census data, the population has been reduced by 3000

Open access

An Obstacle to Decolonising Europe

White Nationalism and Its Co-option of Serbian Propaganda

Jordan Kiper

demography, such as white population declines, are the beginning of an ethnonational replacement, if not a coming ‘white genocide’ ( Feola 2020: 2–3 ). Over three decades ago, Serbian nationalists claimed that Albanians and other Muslims in the Balkans were

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Book Reviews

Ursula Rudnick, Marc Saperstein, and Jonathan Magonet

Jewish life in Great Britain. It is characterised by the Jewish community's population decline from 400,000 in 1950 to around 263,000 in 2011. The next chapter lays out fundamental considerations – from a contemporary perspective – on some highly

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Not Lost but Found

Rebuilding Relations and Reclaiming Indigenous Food Systems

Keitlyn Alcantara

biology to demonstrate how Native American population decline was driven by a “sudden mismatch between evolved nutritional needs and available food” (4). Starting from the deep time perspective of the Paleolithic allows the authors to move away from

Open access

Perspectives on Climate Change Impact on Intangible Cultural Heritage

The Case of Traditional Lamprey Fishing in Latvia

Sandis Laime, Kitija Balcare, Elīna Gailīte, Rita Grīnvalde, and Anita Vaivade

only thirty kilometres from its mouth, and the riverbed in this section of the Daugava is not suitable for successful lamprey larvae development. Lampreys spawning in the Daugava are not productive, which affects the population decline (interview with