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A French Educational Meritocracy in Independent Morocco?

Frédéric Viguier


Since independence in 1956, Morocco has actively promoted Arabic and Arab culture through successive waves of “Arabization” policies in its educational system. Yet, French educational diplomas continue to be crucial resources in Morocco, while national Moroccan degrees retain little social and economic currency. Relying on ethnographic fieldwork in Morocco carried out in 2018, this article looks at students from various socioeconomic backgrounds, asks how the grip of French education seventy years after Moroccan independence is experienced on the ground, and provides historical context to account for this situation. It argues that Morocco is an extreme but representative example of how former French colonies—and countries in the Global South—have created new forms of dependence due to their attempts to expand access to education on limited budgets.

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New Visions of the State

Michael Humphrey, Mark T. Berger, Clive Kessler, and Souchou Yao

Mahmood Mamdani, Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996), pp. xii+353. (Reviewer: Mark T. Berger).

Akhil Gupta, Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India (Durham: Duke University Press, 1998), pp. xv + 410. (Reviewer: Mark T. Berger).

Fernando Coronil, The Magical State: Nature, Money and Modernity in Venezuela, (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1997), pp. xvii+447, photos, notes, bibliography, index. (Reviewer: Souchou Yao).

James C. Scott, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. (New Haven and London: Yale U.P., 1998), pp. xiv+445, notes, index, illustrations. (Reviewer: Clive Kessler).

Slavoj Zizek, Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism? Five Interventions in the (Mis)use of a Notion. (Verso: London and New York, 2001), pp. 280. (Reviewer: Michael Humphrey).

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Putting-out’s return

Informalization and differential subsumption in Thailand’s garment sector

Stephen Campbell

postcolonial development states. Hence, as an outcome of late twentieth-century labor flexibilization, employment and livelihood insecurity among migrant garment workers in Mae Sot parallels global patterns of growing socio-economic precarity ( Campbell 2016

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Hesitant Recognition

Toward a Crop Ontology among Sugar Beet Farmers in Western Poland

Dong Ju Kim

. Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India . Durham, NC : Duke University Press . Haraway , Donna J. 2016 . Staying with the Trouble: Making Kin in the Chthulucene . Durham, NC : Duke University Press . Herzfeld , Michael

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Conditional Freedom

A Portrait of Young Men's Sense of Belonging to the Street in Maputo, Mozambique

Andrea Moreira

. “ Orgies of the Moment: Bataille's Anthropology of Transgression and the Defiance of Danger in Post-Socialist Mozambique .” Anthropological Theory 10 ( 4 ): 385 – 407 . Gupta , Akil . 1998 . Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of

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The Economics of Decolonisation

Institutions, Education and Elite Formation

Nicola Viegi

education policies in Africa had significant consequences on decolonisation and postcolonial development. First, education defines The francophone elites were more professionally inclined to government occupations than their anglophone counterparts. Table

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Vectoral Fieldsites

Scales of Social Observation and Transformation in Development-Era Senegal

Noémi Tousignant

Côte d'Ivoire (including Sautter) actively promoted a particular ‘brand’ of social science – field-based, localised, sociological, comfortably straddling the basic/applied divide – as relevant to postcolonial development planning. Taking stock of

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Ann Grodzins Gold

Ann Grodzins Gold, Bhrigupati Singh, Farhana Ibrahim, Edward Simpson, and Kirin Narayan

Press . 10.1215/9780822383475 Gupta , Akhil . 1998 . Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India . Durham, NC : Duke University Press . 10.1215/9780822399759 Parry , Jonathan P . 1994 . Death in Banaras . Cambridge