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Calm Vessels

Cultural Expectations of Pregnant Women in Qatar

Susie Kilshaw, Daniel Miller, Halima Al Tamimi, Faten El-Taher, Mona Mohsen, Nadia Omar, Stella Major, and Kristina Sole

This article explores emerging themes from the first stages of an ethnographic study into pregnancy loss amongst Qatari women. Although primarily interested in miscarriage, to explore the experience of pregnancy loss, it was necessary first to

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Gwendolen Burton

inability to become pregnant; it is also the inability to carry pregnancy to term and give birth to a viable baby’ (Gold p. 132). 2 This definition includes pregnancy loss (miscarriage, termination of pregnancy for medical reasons, stillbirth and newborn

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Intersectional Pandemics in Bangladesh

The Effects of COVID-19 on Girls

Nasrin Siddiqa

. Self-isolation has increased the rates of gender-based violence. Early marriage and pregnancy are among the drastic effects of school closures and many parents have married off their underage daughters or sold them off to rich families as domestic

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Kaoru Miyazawa

present, as well as to develop aspirations related to family, education, and career. This article examines how a young Jamaican girl, who immigrated to the United States after experiencing a teenage pregnancy and an abortion, participated in AOUM classes

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Statutory Rape or Postfeminism in Pretty Little Liars?

Shara Crookston

on condom use with older partners may not be realistic. In Pretty Little Liars , Aria never faces an unintended pregnancy, STI scare, or confronts the power issues surrounding condom use in a relationship with a large age and power gap (see Ryan et

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Brigette Krieg

circumstances, including teen pregnancy, exposure to violence or parental conflict, were extremely difficult. Other situations, such as graduating from high school, were positive. All experiences, however, provided the young women with the motivation to choose a

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Place of Birth and Concepts of Wellbeing

An Analysis from Two Ethnographic Studies of Midwifery Units in England

Christine McCourt, Juliet Rayment, Susanna Rance, and Jane Sandall

professional autonomy, in the sense of maintaining control over its own regulation. Professional roles between midwives and obstetricians were partitioned into care for ‘normal’ or ‘abnormal’ pregnancy and birth, but midwives did not establish self

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Aref Abu-Rabia

The main purpose of this article is to describe traditional breastfeeding practices among the pastoral tribes in the Middle East. It also examines beliefs and attitudes towards breastfeeding and related issues, including pregnancy, infections of the breast nipple, sources of milk, 'bad milk' syndrome and breastfeeding as a contraceptive method. The most significant findings are that mothers relate breastfeeding to their physical and psychological state. There are also symbolic and emotional relationships between human babies and the colostrum of animals. A survey of medicinal cures for problems related to breastfeeding reveals that these cures are based on substances found in the desert pastoral environment.

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Girls in Transition

Negotiating, Constructing and Re-constructing Girlhood after the “Fall” in Rural Kenya

Christine Oduor-Ombaka

This article discusses problems of childbearing as experienced in rural Kenya by girls in their adolescence—a powerfully formative time of transition to adulthood. Findings reveal that girls face unique challenges and harsh choices when they are faced with pre-marital pregnancy such as emotional violence and abuse, early marriage, expulsion from school, unsafe abortion and poverty. Many Kenyans are calling on the government and communities to put into place policies and programs necessary for empowering girls with enough information to make a healthy and safe transition to adulthood.

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Did Policy Change Work?

Oregon Women Continue to Encounter Delays in Medicaid Coverage for Abortion

Bayla Ostrach

Women in poverty experience greater delays in the process of seeking abortion. Timely access to both safe abortion care and early prenatal care reduces morbidity and mortality among pregnant women. This article examines the impacts of a policy change intended to facilitate poor women's applications for pregnancy-related Medicaid (a federally funded, state-administered health coverage programme for the poorest Americans), in Oregon (Western U.S.). The mixed-methods data from this applied anthropology study demonstrate that though health coverage waiting times grew shorter on average, poor women and the clinic staff who cared for them continued to perceive delays in obtaining Medicaid coverage for abortion. Implementation of the Affordable Care Act in the U.S.A. (aka Obama-care) is now thought to be contributing to a return to greater delays in accessing prenatal care and abortion. More research and advocacy are needed to improve access to reproductive health care through state Medicaid programmes.