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Patricia Mainardi

While periodicals with illustrations had existed prior to the 1830s, the letter-press used for text until the advent of photographic technology could not be combined with the etching, engraving, or lithography that produced images. Pictures had to

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Heidi Hakkarainen

worked with Karl Marx in Paris. 5 In line with this, mass publications like newspapers also came to attribute new meanings to the concept of humanism in the run up to the 1848/49 revolutions. By focusing on the press, whose role has been understudied in

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Gideon Kouts

Hebrew culture, including the press and theatre criticism, has always maintained a tangled and delicate relationship with Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice , for understandable reasons. This article investigates the first criticism of this play

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Heroism, Exoticism, and Violence

Representing the Self, “the Other,“ and Rival Empires in the English and French Illustrated Press, 1880-1905

H. Hazel Hahn

The English and French illustrated press between 1880 and 1905 depicted Europeans as superior to non-Europeans and rarely questioned the colonizing right of Europeans. The illustrated press, such as news magazines The Illustrated London News, The Graphic, and L'Illustration, as well as the newspaper Le Petit Journal, was consumed by colonial news, reported as a series of crises, battles, and frontier troubles, and represented colonial officers and soldiers as heroes. However, a series of imperial rivalries increasingly undermined any collective “European“ understanding of the imperial mission. By implicitly and explicitly questioning and criticizing other empires' motives and capacity for colonization, the press came to portray colonization as a power dynamic. Heroism was increasingly tied to nationalism rather than to broader moral principles. The rhetoric and imagery of imperialism were thus fraught with paradoxes and double standards. The press coverage also reveals close links between war and tourism imaginaries.

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Alain Vaillant

Pour un panorama de l’action législative et administrative en matière de censure, le plus commode est encore de se reporter à : Jacques Godechot, Les Institutions de la France sous la Révolution et l’Empire (Paris : Presses universitaires de France

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Journalistes scandaleuses des années trente

Petite réflexion sur l’histoire de la presse de l’entre-deux-guerres

Marie-Ève Thérenty

place dans la presse généraliste (les presses féminine et féministes seront toujours des espaces possibles mais ce sont aussi des ghettos). Elles seront peu à y parvenir. Elles se comptent sur les doigts d’une main sous la Monarchie de juillet, elles

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“It Is Better to Die”

Abbé Rousseau and the Meanings of Suicide

Jeffrey Merrick

eighteenth century the debate about suicide moved from the courts to the press. As Michael MacDonald and Terence Murphy Historical Reflections • Summer 2016 have shown, the same shift took place in England sooner than in France, thanks to relative liberty of

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Xandra Miguel-Lorenzo

and gender in a community near Cuzco ’, in B. Larson and O. Harris (eds), Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ), 329 – 348 . El Alteño ( 2009a ), ‘ Asesinada y quemada: Fue botada el sábado

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Marie-Ève Thérenty

This article describes the results developed in the recently published La Civilisation du journal, histoire culturelle et littéraire de la presse (ed. Dominique Kalifa, Philippe Régnier, Marie-Ève Thérenty, and Alain Vaillant), a collaboration between historians and literary scholars working together for eight years to write a synthesis about the history of the French press during the nineteenth century. It offers a comprehensive encyclopedia of journalism, the genres and forms of the periodical press, the principal figures of nineteenth-century French journalism, and the modern culture of the press. The article describes the different projects between history and literature that could be developed after this project. This kind of methodology should be extended to the relations between press and literature during the twentieth century, to women's journalism and to the globalization of the media during the nineteenth century. These projects could be developed with the help of the website Médias19.

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Sartre in Austria

Boycott, Scandals, and the Fight for Peace

Juliane Werner

believed that, as a result of press manipulation, his confrères had become suspicious: “Personally, I know many good people who ought to be here with us and aren’t. Why? Well, out of pessimism, resignation, and then they’ve been made to fear that the