-locutors who had seen Poster 2 could not tell right away that the ad was about DV prevention. Three interlocutors recognised in general terms that ‘it must be a serious issue’; two said ‘it is about binge drinking’; and one said it was about ‘a forthcoming
From a Fragmented to an Integrated Approach in France and Europe (1972–1998)
Most research into road safety in Europe has focused chiefly on public action, without closely examining the role of car manufacturers or their coordination with public initiatives. This article explores how manufacturers transitioned from a fragmented conception of road safety in the 1970s—with vehicles being the responsibility of manufacturers, and prevention and roads that of institutions—to an increasingly integrated approach in the twenty-first century. The study uses industry archives to present manufacturer strategies from 1972 onward, which at first exclusively focused on vehicle safety standards. After 1986, the European Year of Road Safety, manufacturers’ official discourse increasingly stressed user education, as opposed to technical improvements to the product. Th is article will use the French case, as well as a more European approach to the automobile lobby in Brussels, to chart the gradual emergence of an integrated approach to safety combining the vehicle, infrastructure, and user behavior.
Pro-activity and Well-Being
Jhan Van de Kerckhove
The current prevention policy continues to be reactive. It is even negative and demotivating. This atmosphere is destroying the working conditions we need in our new social-economic environment. Quality of work has become top of the agenda together with creativity, personal development and involvement. The human being is transformed from a potential source of disturbance into an essential success factor. A new approach to prevention policy is imposing itself in this context. Caring for safety, health and well-being of the employees at the same time means caring for the well-being and the future of the organization. The great challenge now becomes the development of the human potential. In that perspective a real proactive prevention policy is needed. Proactivity implies prevention but goes much further. Real proactivity refers to the dreams and positive objectives people wish to see realised. Well-being, participation and empowerment of all participants are important targets while the expected implications for culture are commitment, trust and open communication. This approach is very close to the conditional factors of social quality as described in the report of the European Foundation on the European Network Indicators of Social Quality.
The Case of South Africa
The Kantian principle that persons must be treated with respect is the most widely accepted normative foundation of a constitutional democracy. Because the state must treat citizens as free and equal persons or in a way consistent with their dignity, it is obligated to abide by majority rule but to ensure that a constitution prevents a majority from violating minority rights to civil liberty and due process. My broad purpose in this article is to explore the implications of the principle of respect for criminal justice in South Africa.
An Exploration of Participation and Consensus
This article reports on an investigation into the extent to which individual involvement in community participatory research activities on HIV/AIDS created agreement or consensus among participants from four Malawian communities about the causes, risks, and behaviours associated with AIDS transmission in their communities. In this research, cultural consensus analysis was used in an exploratory manner to measure the level of agreement among participants prior to and immediately following participation in community participatory workshops. The results demonstrate variability by community and gender in the levels of consensus, or agreement, achieved through the workshops. These findings suggest that consensus is not an automatic outcome of participation in small group interventions and in some cases can result in less agreement on community issues around HIV. Moreover, we lack a clear understanding of how consensus contributes to desired or positive change. Also discussed is the potential utility of cultural consensus analysis as a tool in evaluating the effectiveness of community participatory interventions.
Jonathan A. Allan, Chris Haywood, and Frank G. Karioris
1980's. The image is a reworking of the “Creation of Adam” by Michelangelo and was used as part of HIV/AIDS prevention advertising campaign. Although used in the context of HIV/AIDS prevention in the 1990’s, the image has resonance with current
“Worst Thing S/He Thinks About Me” Predicts Attitudinal Risk Factors for High School Healthy Relationships Program
Jessica J. Eckstein and Erika Sabovik
2019 ). This is particularly true in the realm of violence prevention, where the common educational focus in both North American and many European contexts has been on men and boys (presumed hegemonically masculine) as perpetrators and/or facilitators
A Study of Patients with Thalassemia in Iran
about by the national thalassemia prevention programmes. The discussion is based on the notions of ‘biological citizenship’ and ‘community genetics’. Nikolas Rose (2007) discusses the concept of ‘biological citizenship’ as an active citizenship, in
Gender and Stigma in Sierra Leone’s Ebola Response
Olive Melissa Minor
mobilisation activities. For example, Oxfam supported the formation of Community Health Committees (CHCs) selected by their villages or neighbourhoods; CHCs designed plans to identify and address barriers to EVD prevention and treatment in their areas. Their
Same-Sex Attraction between Girls
Wendy L. Rouse
reveal that LGBTQ youth are at a higher risk for suicide. Rejection from family plays a significant role in those suicides ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2016 ; Ryan et al. 2009 ). In preventing the suicide of LGBTQ youth, family acceptance