Enclosure, a historic and contemporary accumulation regime, is part of a global conversation about what resources are, who may use them, and for what purpose. Here, it is suggested that spatial planning extends the practice of enclosure in its approach to land use. This article focuses on Wales's strategy for sustainable development (OPD), which theoretically promotes low-impact developments. Ethnographic research explored how OPD applicants navigate different people and organizations with a stake in the character of land, and how OPD applications are rarely approved. The data reveals a tension between the notions of self-provisioning and planned development, but indicates how activists circumvent and adapt the planning system. This article extends the notion of what counts as accumulation by focusing on the nonproductive value of an unspoiled countryside, a notion central to debates about the production of the countryside as leisure space and the enclosure of nature under global sustainable development regimes.
Planning as a form of enclosure
The ambiguities of nonproductive accumulation in the West Wales countryside
Food Activism in Italy as an Anthropology of Direct Democracy
This article presents qualitative and quantitative findings on provisioning activism in Italy, focusing on Solidarity Purchase Groups (Gruppi di Acquisto Solidale, GAS). By using quantitative data about GAS growth, numerical consistence and economic impact and through ethnographic insights based on prolonged fieldwork, it identifies the GAS movement as an ecological, economic and political counterculture. I discuss the implications for policy efforts at the regional and state level, highlighting both potentials and shortcomings of promoting GAS as means to sustainable development. In particular, I identify the issues of trust, informality and direct democracy as distinctive of GAS practice. However, this positions solidarity economy vis-à-vis policymaking in a potentially oppositional rather than interlocutory stance.
Innovative Thinking on the Relationship between the Provision of Local Services and Inequality in Israel
Yoram Ida, Amir Hefetz, Assaf Meydani, Gila Menahem, and Elad Cohen
carried out at the local level, a question arises: what innovative policy tools can be utilized in local service provision to reduce inequality between localities? In our research, we studied one such policy tool: a national mandate that each local
Creating the State Locally through Welfare Provision
Two Mayors, Two Welfare Regimes in Rural Hungary
Gyöngyi Schwarcz and Alexandra Szőke
This article examines the ways in which decentralized welfare provision is utilized by local state officials, particularly mayors, to (re)create local belonging along notions of deservingness. Comparing the organization of three forms of benefits in two villages, we demonstrate that local practices of welfare embody different state images that are created and negotiated both through the regulatory power of local state actors and through their various interactions and embeddedness in local social relations. Our empirical material highlights that the specificities of positions held by elected local officials and their accorded responsibilities, in addition to the position of their locality in the broader socio-spatial landscape of the country, are of great importance. All these largely influence the ways in which state images are formed and materialize in redistributive practice.
Precarious Provisioning: Three Explorations of Food after Progress
Purchase Groups , Grasseni’s gasistas seek autonomy from industrial food production and to forge novel food provisioning systems in solidarity with producers. In contrast, Tsing’s matsutake mushroom pickers embrace precarity and find freedom in the
Monitoring and evaluating the provision of (donor-funded) regional public goods
Philippe De Lombaerde and Luk Van Langenhove
English abstract: This article deals with the monitoring and evaluation of the provision of regional public goods in the context of donor intervention. A number of issues will be identified that have to be addressed when designing and implementing such monitoring and evaluation schemes. This will be done in the framework of the so-called fourth-generation project evaluation, of social constructivist inspiration. After presenting the basic characteristics of fourth-generation evaluation, the article explores how this evaluation framework can be adapted to the needs of the evaluator of the provision of regional public goods.
Spanish abstract: Este artículo se ocupa del seguimiento y la evaluación de la provisión de bienes públicos regionales en el contexto de la intervención de los donantes. Se identifican varios temas que hay que tener en cuenta al diseñar e implementar esquemas de seguimiento y evaluación. Esto se hará en el marco de la evaluación de los proyectos denominados de cuarta generación, de inspiración constructivista social. Después de presentar las características básicas de la evaluación de cuarta generación, el artículo explora cómo este esquema de evaluación se puede adaptar a las necesidades del evaluador de la provisión de bienes públicos regionales.
French abstract: Cet article traite du suivi et de l'évaluation de la fourniture de biens publics régionaux dans le contexte de l'intervention de donneurs. Plusieurs questions relatives à l'organisation et à la mise en œuvre de tels plans de suivi et d'évaluation seront identifiées. Cela se fera dans le contexte de ce qu'on appelle l'évaluation de projet de quatrième génération, inspiré par le constructivisme social. Après avoir présenté les caractéristiques de base de l'évaluation de quatrième génération, l'article examine comment ce cadre d'évaluation peut être adapté aux besoins de celui qui évalue l'approvisionnement en biens publics régionaux
Sex work politics. From protest to service provision by Majic, Samantha
In search of the state. An ethnography of public service provision in urban Niger by Körling, Gabriella
Everyday Security Practices in Gang-Controlled Neighborhoods in San Salvador
Chris van der Borgh
face very high levels of uncertainty and unpredictability, as they cannot count on the security provision of local state actors or gangs, and have to navigate the everyday insecurities that are often created by these actors. This article analyzes the
Encounters and Interactions within Two US Public Housing Programs
Erika Gubrium, Sabina Dhakal, Laura Sylvester, and Aline Gubrium
provision at two public housing sites, exploring their connections to the generation of shame or dignity building. Welfare in the United States Paternalistic, shame-based policies are reported to be common in a US setting, where those having to rely on