In this paper I explore the themes of heterosexualized competition and aggression in Avril Lavigne's music video Girlfriend (2007) as representative of the violent heterosexualized politics within which girls are incited to compete in contemporary schooling and popular culture. I argue that psycho-educational discourses attempting to explain girls' aggression and bullying fail to account for the heterosexualized, classed or racialized power dynamics of social competition that organize heteronormative femininity. Then I elaborate a psychosocial approach using psychoanalytic concepts to trace how teen girls negotiate contemporary discourses of sexual aggression and competition. Drawing on findings from a study with racially and economically marginalized girls aged thirteen to fourteen attending an innercity school in South Wales, I suggest that the girls enact regulatory, classed discourses like slut to manage performances of heterosexualized aggression. However, alongside their demonstration of the impetus toward sexual regulation of one another, I show how the girls in my study are also attempting to challenge heteronormative formations of performing sexy-aggressive. Moments of critical resistance in their narratives, when they refuse to pathologize aggressive girls as mean and/or bullies, and in their fantasies, when they reject heterosexual relationships like marriage are explored.
Teen Girls Negotiating Discourses of Competitive, Heterosexualized Aggression
The Identity and Stigmatisation of Ebola Survivors
traumatic experience of being inside an Ebola Management Centre (EMC), as well as the potential loss of other friends and relatives in addition to the breakdown of social relationships and ties, and the loss of employment, can also contribute to psychosocial
Jacqueline Yeldon and Robert Pitter
psychosocial process of making sense of pain and whether this is in turn related to or determined by the caliber of team (recreational vs. competitive). Future research could also compare these findings to an exclusively female ice hockey team to determine if
Adrianna Tassone and Mindi D. Foster
Given the psychosocial benefits of collective action for minority group members, we explored how the personality trait introversion/extroversion may contribute to current understandings of what motivates collective action among women. Dimensions of collective action that are consistent with introversion (e.g., low risk) were expected to predict greater endorsement of collective action among introverts, whereas dimensions consistent with extroversion (e.g., public) were expected to predict greater endorsement among extroverts. One hundred and seventy-nine women completed an online questionnaire, and regression analyses showed that among introverts, collective action rated lower in risk and social cost, but higher in effectiveness and formality predicted greater endorsement. Among extroverts, collective action rated as more public (vs. private) predicted greater endorsement. The implications of utilizing personality profiles to enhance collective action are discussed.
The wailing of Yemenite Jewish women, as preserved in the Yemenite Jewish community in Israel, is presented as a case study for analysis of and comparison with other existing wailing cultures. The article uses a model of identities to examine anthropological conventions that interpret death rituals as rites of transition and crisis. A well-known function of wailing—as a bridge between life and death—is decoded in view of the model. The gender dimension of wailing is examined by counterposing and juxtaposing feminine wailing to masculine wailing at death events. The article describes the relative contributions of men and women to the stability of their community and analyzes the unique characteristics of the psycho-social power of women's wailing.
The Influence of Psychosocial Variables in the Voting Intentions and Behavior of Portuguese Youth
Ana Figueiredo and Jorge Silva
February 11th 2007 set the date for what would be an intense and passionate discussion on a gendered health related issue in Portugal: abortion. In the referendum, approximately 44% of the eligible population voted, and from these 59% voted for the legalization of abortion in Portugal. Hence, this referendum brought about changes in the Portuguese law, which now allows legal abortion to occur at the desire of the woman until the 10th week of pregnancy. The present research consists of a study in which 205 university students fully responded to 4 data collection sessions between November 2006 and March 2007. The goal of the study was to understand the most relevant psychosocial variables when trying to explain the voting intentions and voting behavior of Portuguese youth. The variables in the present study included participants’ gender, political orientation, religious affiliation and practice, sexual attitudes and attitudes towards abortion. Our results show that all of the above variables, except for gender, are relevant for the opinion formation about this topic. Approximately 94% of our participants reported they had the intention to vote, although only 64% of these actually voted on the day of the referendum. Finally, we found that participants rely mostly on the strength of their attitudes towards abortion in relation to their voting intention, while relying mostly on the strength of their normative religious beliefs in relation to their voting behavior. Implications of our results for understanding the politics of abortion legislation are discussed.
A Study in Cameroon
The aim of this study was (a) to use anthropological research tools to produce a thorough description of health providers' working conditions in a low-income country; (b) sketch the impact of a specific dimension of the national HIV/AIDS programme on this environment and (c) sketch the existence and examine the extent of burnout among health workers. We conducted intensive fieldwork in a large public hospital in one major town of the far-north region. We relied on three research tools: observations, in-depth interviews and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The data were analysed manually. We found a working environment characterised by an acute lack of equipment, lack of recognition and equity, lack of community and fairness, and value conflict, all of which are factors implicated in burnout. This was exacerbated by the implementation of a psychosocial dimension in care for people with HIV/AIDS, which created exclusion and reinforced feelings of unfairness. However, despite their challenging working environment, health-care providers were not 'burned out', leading us to suggest that burnout is a syndrome of 'rigid' working environments, as opposed to 'porous' working environments.
Hospitality and Hostility between Local Faith Actors and International Humanitarian Organizations in Refugee Response
Olivia J. Wilkinson
“theologies of place” and newly formed local faith communities and actors. Tensions between Spiritual and Psychosocial Support In response to the traumatic experiences of refugees, international humanitarian organizations organize psychosocial projects
Joseph Bristley and Elizabeth Turk
emphasis on cultivating a sense of freedom, self-management and responsibility in the next generation of Russia's leaders. Matza coins two new analytic terms upon which he builds throughout the book. The first is ‘psychosociality’, described as ‘the use
Brian Callan and Giovanni A. Travaglino
Adrianna Tassone and Mindi Foster examine the psychosocial benefits of collective action for minority group members. This article explores how personality traits may contribute to current understandings of what motivates collective action among women. The