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Introduction

Religious Plurality, Interreligious Pluralism, and Spatialities of Religious Difference

Jeremy F. Walton and Neena Mahadev

large, spatial practices of interreligious pluralism are part and parcel of what José Casanova (1994) has called ‘public religion’. Especially within liberal democracies, religious communities and the spaces they inhabit necessarily abide by a nested

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Adjudicating Religious Intolerance

Afro-Brazilian Religions, Public Space, and the National Collective in Twenty-First-Century Brazil

Elina I. Hartikainen

declined from 91.8 percent to 64.6 percent ( IBGE 2010 ). 4 While the active missionization and forms of spiritual warfare against other religions practiced by many of these churches have fundamentally reconfigured Brazilian understandings of public

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Portrait

José Casanova

Hubert Knoblauch, Grace Davie, Kim Knibbe, Manuel A. Vásquez, and José Casanova

José Casanova’s Public Religions in the Modern World (1994) has transformed the study of religion quite considerably. As I recall, the book was received relatively slowly in its first years. Casanova’s thesis gained momentum with the escalating focus on religion after 9/11 and the ensuing publicity for Huntington’s (1996) thesis of an imminent clash of civilizations. While many only then turned to the study of religion, Casanova had already prepared the ground for a global comparative approach with his path-breaking diagnosis of the state of religion in the different modes of modernity. The growing reception of Casanova’s thesis was accompanied by the increasing interest of political science (and politics in general) in religion. In fact, Casanova has shed new light specifically on the role of religion in politics. Furthermore, his thesis on ‘public religion’ has had profound impacts on the long-lasting debate on secularization in the humanities as well as in the public domain. In this respect, there is no doubt that Casanova has contributed a major, classic work to the social study of religion.

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Introduction

Dialogues and Trajectories

Simon Coleman and Ramon Sarró

In his luminous reflections on the intellectual trajectory that he has traced so far—beginning with the modern and proceeding through the secular toward the global—José Casanova notes that his evolving interests took him away from anthropology and toward sociology. Yet Casanova’s work has remained influential on, and in conversation with, that of many anthropologists, not least as a result of his desire to transcend a “Western-centric view of history and human development” (this volume) as well as his predictions that Pentecostalism may well become the predominant form of Christianity in the twenty-first century. This second volume of Religion and Society presents Casanova—author of the classic Public Religions in the Modern World (1994)—in dialogue with his own past and shifting present, but also responding to the comments of scholars who are themselves anthropologically informed and yet able to represent perspectives from sociology, theology, and religious studies.

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Pasi Ihalainen

This paper suggests that the study of the modernisation of European political cultures in the eighteenth century would greatly benefit from a comparative conceptual historical approach. is approach would effect the reconstruction of a variety of meanings attached to chosen political concepts in different national contexts through the side-by-side analysis of primary sources originating from each case according to the methodology of both historical semantics and pragmatics. A promising research topic is the continuity and change in the conceptualisation of national community, national identity, popular sovereignty and democracy in various European political cultures. e conceptual analyses of late eighteenth-century political sermons from five northwestern European countries, conducted by the author, for example, reveal that conceptual changes related to the rise of nationalism took place even within public religion, allowing it to adapt itself to the age of nationalism. Further analysis of the secular debates taking place in representative bodies and public discourse in late eighteenth-century Britain, the Dutch Republic and Sweden elucidates the gradual development of the notion that all political power is ultimately derived from the people and that such a system constituted a "democracy" in a positive sense within different parliamentary traditions and perhaps even before the French Revolution.

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Medical Ethnography over Time

Penetrating “the fog of health” in a Nigerian community, 1970–2017

Murray Last

rarely been recorded. There is, I suggest, a ‘domestic religion’ quite separate from the public religions of Islam and Christianity, which are amply recorded by local and visiting scholars. But in this article, I also offer readers some of the messiness

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Kim Knibbe, Brenda Bartelink, Jelle Wiering, Karin B. Neutel, Marian Burchardt, and Joan Wallach Scott

.12321 Casanova , Jose . 1994 . Public Religions in the Modern World . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . 10.7208/chicago/9780226190204.001.0001 Casanova , Jose . 2009 . “ The Secular and Secularisms .” Social Research 76 ( 4 ): 1049

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Jewish Secular-Believer Women in Israel

A Complex and Ambivalent Identity

Hagar Lahav

. Casanova , José . 1994 . Public Religions in the Modern World . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . 10.7208/chicago/9780226190204.001.0001 Cimino , Richard , and Christopher Smith . 2007 . “ Secular Humanism and Atheism beyond Progressive

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Listening with Displacement

Sound, Citizenship, and Disruptive Representations of Migration

Tom Western

. Mechanical Sound: Technology, Culture, and Public Programs of Noise in the Twentieth Century . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Bohlman , Philip . 2013 . “ Music Inside Out: Sounding Public Religion in a Post-Secular Europe .” In Music, Sound and Space

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The End Point of Zionism

Ethnocentrism and the Temple Mount

Tomer Persico

Introduction to Modern Jewish Thought . Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . 10.1515/9781400839711 Casanova , Jose . 1994 . Public Religions in the Modern World . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . 10.7208/chicago/9780226190204