“Positive health,” “comprehensive approaches,” and “participation” have become popular concepts in today’s theoretical public health discourse. Each of these emphasizes a specific component of complex public health issues, which are at stake in
Participation as the Cornerstone of Appropriate Methodologies
Crafting a ‘Philosophy of Praxis’ into a ‘Community of Resistance’
Gramsci’s philosophy of praxis is a theory of learning and education. Jean Lave, anthropologist 2012: 159 ) Introduction In June 1998 I was hired by the Ingham County Health Department in Lansing, Michigan to ‘turn the Public Health into the Peoples
Maternal mortality in four obstetric emergency services in West Africa
If epidemiological studies can define priorities for action, anthropological analyses are needed to clarify the conditions for the possibility of health problems. This article illustrates some of the ways in which public health and anthropological research may complement one another. Every year, 250,000 of the world's 200 million pregnant women die in Sub‐Saharan Africa. The medical causes of death are known and what should be done to avoid these unnecessary deaths is also known: quality caesareans, use of magnesium sulphate, hygiene during childbirth, tests and transfusion. So, concretely, the question is why sundry reforms fail or struggle for effective application. Drawing from a complex system of observation set up in four different services for 4‐month periods, this article aims to specify the qualitative variables that are behind the deaths of parturients.
Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation
Heike Karge, Friederike Kind-Kovacs, and Sara Bernasconi, eds., From the Midwife's Bag to the Patient's File: Public Health in Eastern Europe , Budapest: Central European University Press, 2017, vii–xix, 349 pp., $70.00/€62.00 (hardback
The Case of Herbert Grohmann
Anthropologists who were also medical doctors often had a particularly active role in the Nazi regime, including the SS. One of these, Herbert Grohmann, studied under Eugen Fischer at Kaiser Wilhelm Institut of Anthropologie (KWIA) in Berlin from 1937 to 1938 and became his assistant. Grohmann, an SS officer, was sent to Poland as the head of public health in Lodz while maintaining his association with the KWIA. This article describes the interconnections of anthropology and public health in occupied Poland including the elimination (killing) of mentally ill patients, the implementation of the Deutsche Volksliste and the culling of 'racially fit' children for abduction to Germany. All of these activities are seen through the career of Herbert Grohmann.
The constitution, the law of the land of the modern state, is fertile ground for the Eurocentric imagination of the Canadian polity as a result of the resiliency of Victorian-era sentiments. The ethno-racial hierarchy contained within this political imagery merges well with the public health mandate process of 'othering'. Othering situates the causes of disease and illness in foreign bodies rather than in the social structures of industrial capitalism. Chief among its morbid symptoms, othering produces a sense of alienation in those subjected to it. Sri Lankan Tamils are one of the newer migrant populations who have been subjected to, and have resisted this intrinsically violent othering process. This article examines the Canadian constitution as it relates to ethno-racial classification, and then explores how this scheme is reproduced in common experiences of the public health system and its effects on the health and well-being of Canadian Tamils.
Developing a Framework for the Twenty-First Century
The central focus of this special issue of the European Journal of Social Quality is exploring and understanding the utility, relevance and operationalisation of the Theory of Social Quality for public health policy and practice. In keeping with the aim of this special issue, the authors work with the Theory of Social Quality and make attempts to ground it in the reality of public health practice and policy. However, the Editorial Board stress that in the future papers will be published which discuss, critique and provide counter-arguments to this theory, in the hope of providing extra theoretical and empirical depth. In so doing, we intend to develop the journal as a place for critical debate and discussion.
Discretion and hypertransparency in Chinese biosecurity
Katherine A. Mason
appeared in newspapers under foreboding headlines rife with battle metaphors. Public health officials dressed in biohazard suits swarmed airports and public events. They pointed fever guns at foreheads and whisked away those with elevated temperatures to
Public Health Knowledge and Smoking Practice
Simone J. Dennis
In this article I examine some of the consequences of understanding smoking practice in and through an analytic frame that is closely aligned with a public health agenda of smoking cessation. The article is based on ethnographic work conducted for
Policy, temporality, and public health in South Africa
accompanying the HIV/AIDS activist to a meeting of the Western Cape Coalition against Public Health Cuts, a broad alliance of public sector health workers, health activists, and trade unions. The drive over to the coalition meeting was short, as the gathering