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Deterritorialized Wars of Public Safety

Allen Feldman

Loader concludes his analysis of the trend in Britain and elsewhere toward private security systems by suggesting that “the value of other more deliberative ways of addressing the crime question and structuring the relationship between the police and the ‘publics’ they serve; ways that seek to subject ‘consumer’ demands for particular kinds of policing and security to the test of public discourse oriented to the common good, and so temper with democratic reason the passions that consumer culture threatens to unleash” (1999: 389). The privatization of public services and the undermining of professionalism have taken hold in many countries on the advice of international monetary agencies. In New Zealand, a provincial reading of new right philosophy within the close-knit circle of the New Zealand Business Roundtable generated a power lobby group that served as a conduit for free market libertarian ideas. This article traces the response to these trends as a measure of the strength of civil society and public life in Auckland City, with a specific focus on the resistance by the New Zealand firefighters to restructuring and downsizing the fire service.

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Visiones alternativas sobre seguridad en América Latina

Hacia una contribución global en seguridad humana

Oscar A. Gómez

*Full article is in Spanish

English abstract: This article analyzes the peripheral role of Latin America in global discussions about human security. The main hypothesis is that proposals for opening security theories and practices to a “human vision” failed to merge with the evolution of security concepts and institutions in the region over the last twenty years. Hence, there is no constructive communication interface between citizen and human security activities that inform security practices in the medium and long term. This article describes two approaches: (a) the slow development of human security concepts that may be somehow useful to the region due to (b) the positioning of citizen security as an alternative security paradigm in Latin America. Following a conceptual and institutional review of these approaches, the article concludes with some proposals to establish a dynamic and effective bridge between these two visions.

Spanish abstract: El presente artículo analiza el papel periférico de Latinoamérica en las discusiones mundiales sobre el concepto/enfoque de seguridad humana. La hipótesis de trabajo es que las propuestas para abrir la teoría y práctica de seguridad en la región a la visión humana no han logrado acoplarse a la evolución en las concepciones e instituciones de seguridad durante los últimos veinte años; por tanto, no existe una interface constructiva de comunicación entre lo ciudadano y lo humano que informe el quehacer en seguridad en el mediano y largo plazo. El estudio describe dos hilos conductores: (a) el lento desarrollo de versiones elaboradas del concepto de seguridad humana que resulten útiles a las sociedades de la región, en parte producto de (b) el posicionamiento de la seguridad ciudadana como el paradigma alternativo de seguridad en América Latina. Después de hacer una revisión de estos hilos en lo conceptual e institucional, el artículo cierra con algunas propuestas para establecer un puente más dinámico y efectivo entre las dos visiones.

French abstract: Cet article analyse le rôle périphérique de l'Amérique latine dans le débat mondial sur le concept / approche de la sécurité humaine. L'hypothèse de travail est que les propositions visant à ouvrir la théorie et la pratique de la sécurité dans la région à la vision humaine ont échoué à engager l'évolution des concepts et des institutions de sécurité au cours des ces vingt dernières années; par conséquent, il n'existe pas d'interface de communication constructive entre le citoyen et l'activité humaine à informer sur les initiatives de sécurité dans le moyen et long terme. L'étude décrit deux fils conducteurs: (1) la lenteur du développement des versions du concept de sécurité humaine élaborées qui sont utiles aux entreprises dans la région, en partie le produit de (2) la conception de la sécurité « citoyenne » comme un paradigme alternatif de la sécurité en Amérique latine. Après un examen de ces discussions sur le conceptuel et l'institutionnel, l'article se termine par quelques propositions destinées à établir un pont plus dynamique et efficient entre les deux points de vue.

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From Insurrectional Socialism to French National Socialism

Gustave Hervé and the Great War

Michael B. Loughlin

policies accelerated. The government must act like the Committee of Public Safety, energetically and even in a revolutionary manner, if necessary. The uneven division of sacrifices between soldiers and civilians caused a decline in French élan . So Hervé

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Human Rights of Immigration Detainees and Deportees in a Hostile Environment

Pierre Makhlouf

public safety was extreme. It is this demonization of foreign nationals who have committed criminal offences, many of which never existed before 2004, and the accompanying rhetoric that is of real concern. An analogous situation was the way asylum

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Protesting in Pandemic Times

COVID-19, Public Health, and Black Lives Matter

Binoy Kampmark

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic raised questions about reconciling health priorities with the exercise of certain liberties and rights. Public safety has come into conflict with matters of mobility, freedom of expression, and the right to protest. How can the threat of viral transmission be reconciled with the urgency of political protests, such as in the Black Lives Matter movement? This article discusses various approaches, referring to debates in the United States and Australia, where law enforcement authorities and politicians warned against protest marches, generally citing the protection of public health as a qualifying exception. Numerous epidemiologists, while acknowledging risks, argued that a calculus of risk be deployed, citing public health as a variegated, multilayered concept. A similar balancing act was deployed in Australian courts. Such reasoning led to accusations that public health science had been politicized. Striking the balance remains a pragmatic approach to holding such gatherings during times of pandemic.

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Deconstructing Criminalization Processes

Matt Clement

Abstract

This article discusses some theoretical issues relating to recent trends in global policing. It puts forward the argument that the growth in the scale of anti-police and anti-government protests since 2019 is an intensification of the repercussions of the global crisis of political economy since the 2008 crash and subsequent austerity measures. The focus is developments in the United States and the United Kingdom, where states and their agents of social control have hitherto relied upon a relatively stable hegemony in terms of public tolerance of the government monopoly of violence as exercised on the streets. However, the police–public consensus is fragile and governing institutions are finding it increasingly difficult to accept it. The repressive security measures employed by state agents only partly explain the current fragility in public trust in the police. We must also consider the institutional inability to recognize the degree of reform required to reassure citizens that their public safety is guaranteed. I explore how criminalization processes are feeding back upon public authorities, creating double binds from which they are struggling to extricate themselves.

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From Jacobin to Liberal

Paul Hanson

This article focuses on From Jacobin to Liberal: Marc-Antoine Jullien, 1775-1848 and argues that this book, written near the end of Robert R. Palmer's career, stands as a sort of bookend to his earlier masterpiece, Twelve Who Ruled. The focus of the book, MarcAntoine Jullien, was a precocious idealist, just sixteen years old when he made his first speech before the Paris Jacobin club. He supported the Jacobin political vision and went on to serve as an emissary in the provinces for the Committee of Public Safety, the focus of Twelve Who Ruled. As such, young Jullien was denounced as a terrorist after the fall of Robespierre. He survived the Revolution, however, and Palmer sees in him an example of a young man whose political views evolved over time, from Jacobinism to liberalism. Challenging those who have viewed the French Revolution as leading inevitably to tyranny, Palmer presents the life of Marc-Antoine Jullien as exemplary of the positive legacy of that tumultuous event.

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A Brief History of Smart Transportation Infrastructure

Kathleen Frazer Oswald

reckless speeders, and street usurpers. 14 Peter Norton’s Fighting Traffic explores in depth the influence of public safety movements powered by outrage, anger, and grief due to casualties of the automobile. 15 As police worked to restore order on the

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Flood and Fire

Reorganizing Lives around Extreme Conditions

Jerry K. Jacka and Amelia Moore

notice the ways in which grid development can reinscribe existing social inequalities. They look specifically at public safety power shutoffs related to fires in Northern California, examining how different communities experience events where fires reach

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Springing Amir

Stephanie J. Silverman

in Chaudhary Para 38. 3 Mission Institution v. Khela , [2014] 1 SCR 502, 2014 SCC 24. 4 Canada (Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness) v Chhina , 2019 SCC 29 [ Chhina ]. We should keep in mind that Canada removed Mr. Chhina two years before