This paper develops an account of racism as rooted in social structural processes. Using Sartre, I attempt to give a general analysis of what I refer to as the “structures” of our social world, namely the practico-inert, serial collectives, and social groups. I then apply this analysis to expose and elucidate “racist structures,” specifically those that are oftentimes assumed to be ‘race neutral’. By highlighting structures of racial oppression and domination, I aim to justify: 1) the imperative of creating conditions free from oppression and domination, over the adherence to ‘ideal’ principles which perpetuate racial injustice; 2) the shared responsibility we have collectively to resist and transform social structural processes that continue to produce racial injustice.
A Sartrean Contribution to Resisting Racial Injustice
Justin I. Fugo
A Focus on the French Setting
The hypothesis developed in the paper is that the relation between race and space, under-explored in philosophy, is a powerful theoretical instrument for understanding racial injustices and can be used to renew racial categorisation in a more critical, transformative manner. It argues that only constructivism, in its 'interactive constructionism' version (Hacking 1999), can make sense of both concepts in a relevant way for political theory, and provide a general critical frame to study the relation between both concepts, thereby replying to the powerful arguments of racial scepticism. After specifying what such a position entails for the 'race' concept, the paper argues that 'space', itself conceived in a constructionist perspective, is a core element of current referents of 'race' in our folk conceptions. It shows that France, despite its pretence of racial blindness, is not a counter-example, but rather reinforces the hypothesis. Hence, space should be more thoroughly reinvestigated at an epistemological and theoretical level in exploring our racial thinking.
A response to programme reform in higher education
Saran Stewart, Chayla Haynes, and Kristin Deal
. Despite being a racialized environment, I do believe that the institution of education is well positioned to address and redress the social and racial injustices that have and continues to dismiss the needs of people of colour. The larger challenge for me
Neoliberal restructuring, racial politics, and resistance in post-Katrina New Orleans
Mathilde Lind Gustavussen
community members” meets weekly in the Christian Unity Baptist Church to formulate solutions to social and racial injustice in the city. The most important struggle, according to one of the cofounders, is public education: Education is the most central fight
Sheila K. Hoffman, Sarita Sundar, Masaaki Morishita, Fabien Van Geert, and Sharon Ann Holt
, commemoration, and pacifism” to wrest meaning from it all. Harlem Hellfighter Needham Roberts and Henry L. Johnson, the first American to receive the French Croix de Guerre with Palm, fought Germans hand to hand together. But unchanged racial injustice at home
Alexis de Tocqueville's Comparative Views on Women and Marriage in France and the United States
Jean Elisabeth Pedersen
make a life together in the wilderness, but Marie falls ill and dies before they can marry. Her brother dies in a failed uprising against American racial injustice, her father returns to New England, and Ludovic remains alone to tend Marie's grave until