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Anticipating Relations

Beyond Reciprocity and Obligation in the Ger Districts of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Elizabeth Fox

In the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, known as ger districts, a growing number of rural-to-urban migrants live without access to formal urban infrastructure or regular incomes. Under these challenging material conditions, personal networks take precedence, providing and regulating access to employment and meat provisioning. Looking beyond discussions of anticipation among migrants focusing on the goals of migration, I interrogate the role of anticipation in the making and maintaining of relational networks. Existing analyses of such networks in Mongolia have generally relied on idioms of reciprocity or obligation. Focusing instead on material transfers and transactions among ger district residents reveals such networks to be more ambiguous and prone to failure than notions of reciprocity or obligation can easily accommodate. This article argues that the productive contradiction within the concept of anticipation – encompassing both expectative waiting and pre-emptive action – can illuminate new aspects of these relations and networks in action.

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Learning to See in Western Amazonia

How Does Form Reveal Relation?

Els Lagrou

Through the study of form, we explore how relations constitute persons for the Huni Kuin of Western Amazonia. Shamanistic song, and the role in it of patterned design, reveals a specific aesthetics that emphasizes processes of becoming, transformation, and figure/ground reversal. Since bodily substances and actions of others affect the ‘thinking body’, well-being depends on making visible the relational network that exists inside and outside one’s embodied self. An aesthetic battlefield unfolds where the doubles of ingested substances invert the predatory relation and come to envelop the ‘eye soul’ of the one who ingested them with their design and ornaments. This setting allows us to address the fractal quality of personhood and the permanent disequilibrium between symmetrical and asymmetrical relations in Amazonia.

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Righting Names

The Importance of Native American Philosophies of Naming for Environmental Justice

Rebekah Sinclair

relational networks of respect and care ( Bang and Marin 2015 ; Bang et al. 2014 ). Names can bring these kinships or axes into being (again). Even as we affirm Native naming, we must be careful not to treat its decolonizing effect as mere metaphor ( Alfred

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Reassembling The Social Organization

Collaboration and Digital Media in (Re)making Boas’s 1897 Book

Aaron Glass, Judith Berman and Rainer Hatoum

disentangling the constitutive relational networks of anthropology’s formative moments and for reevaluating its foundational materials. This tool kit supplements “hybridity” (e.g., Bhabha 1994 ) with notions of entanglement ( Hodder 2012 ; Thomas 1991

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Kinship among the Ġorbat of Babol

How an Anthropology of Childhood Reveals Kinship Structure

Mitra Asfari

fact and to analyse, through all these stages, the relational network that links Ġorbat children to their social environment. Even though Ġorbats do not verbalise these stages as we do in our theoretical attempt, the differentiation they make between

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Laurel Hart, Pamela Lamb and Joshua Cader

burgeoning era of the internet in the 1990s, I have experienced its promises of knowledge and relational networks, as well as its perils of deception and unhindered access. My long-standing fascination with online communities and the realities they facilitate

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The Alimentary Forms of Religious Life

Technologies of the Other, Lenience, and the Ethics of Ethiopian Orthodox Fasting

Diego Malara

step in the direction of situating ethical action and subjectivity in the coordinated existence of religious collectives, underscoring how the ‘call of the other’ constitutes the driving motivation of Orthodox relational networks, within which

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Humans, Plants, and Networks

A Critical Review

Laura Calvet-Mir and Matthieu Salpeteur

.” Plant Genetic Resources 9 , no. 4 : 495 – 505 . Alexander , Steven M. , and Derek Armitage . 2015 . “ A Social Relational Network Perspective for MPA Science .” Conservation Letters 8 : 1 – 13 . Alexiades , Miguel N. 2009 . “ Mobility and

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Recapturing the Lost

Digitalized Memories of the Rhodesian Bush War

Ane Marie Ørbø Kirkegaard

(private) and public narratives, and meta- and conceptual narrativity. It should be understood as forming relational networks of sense making. These four dimensions intersect in constant (re)constructions of narratives, and configure and are configured by