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Le Catholicisme au féminin

Thirty Years of Women's History

Rebecca Rogers

This article evaluates the influence of Claude Langlois's research on female religious congregations in the field of women's history. It explores how his central findings contributed to scholarship on the feminization of religion before generating a strain of revisionist historiography concerning the history of girls' education and the history of the nursing profession and health care. Specifically, Langois's work has led scholars to investigate the archives of religious congregations and evaluate the emergence of a professional ethos among teaching and nursing nuns. The article concludes with an analysis of his more recent writings on missionary congregations and how this also has inspired work on the gendering of religious mission.

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Thomas Kselman

This article examines some of Langlois's major works on nineteenth-century French Catholicism, which taken together suggest a vision langloisienne defined by three central, intimately interrelated insights. First, for Langlois a chronology of French Catholicism based on an assumption of an ineluctable process of dechristianization needs to be replaced by a more nuanced and contingent understanding of the evolution of belief and practice. Second, a revised chronology illuminates important sectors of creative vitality within Catholicism, particularly with regard to female religious congregations. Third, historians of religion must be willing to use a variety of methods in exploring their subject; social scientific approaches are crucial, but they complement rather than replace traditional narrative, biography, and a close reading of literary texts. The article concludes with reflections on the normative posture that is implicit in Langlois's historical writing, a position based on his commitment to the values of toleration and equality.

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On the Touch-Event

Theopolitical Encounters

Valentina Napolitano

Abstract

This article addresses the ‘touch-event’ as a mediated affective encounter that pivots around a tension between intimacy and distance, seduction and sovereignty, investment and withdrawal. Through a rereading of the Pauline event of conversion to Christianity, it argues that an analysis of the evolving significance of touch-events for Catholic liturgy and a religious congregation shows the theopolitical as always already constituted within an economy of enfleshed virtues. Focusing on contemporary examples of touch-events from the life of Francis, the first pope from the Americas, as well as from fieldwork among a group of female Latin American Catholic migrants in Rome, I argue for a closer examination of touch-events in order to grasp some of their theopolitical, radical, emancipatory, and, in some contexts, subjugating effects.

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Working against and with the State

From Sanctuary to Resettlement

Audrey Macklin

. However, decisions by churches about sanctuary and sponsorship are made and implemented at the level of the congregation. Ram Cnaan and D. W. Curtis (2013: 10) make a compelling case for theorizing religious congregations “as a distinct set of locally

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Traversing Fields

Affective Continuities across Muslim and Christian Settings in Berlin

Omar Kasmani and Dominik Mattes

and studying religion in a shared urban context. This discussion is based on our joint research project, which focuses on two transnational religious congregations in Berlin that, despite having no direct contact with each other, deal with common urban

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Nicole Hudgins

religious congregations, the law of 1904, which stripped religious congregations of the right to teach school, and the law of 1905, which formally separated church and state. Accompanying this last law was the decree of 29 December 1905, which ordered a

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Elizabeth C. Macknight

religious congregations were forced to reorient their activity away from teaching toward hospital work, and to multiply missions abroad, while reluctantly accepting the secularization of some members in order to continue work in schools. 18 The experiences

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Sanctuary in Countries of Origin

A Transnational Perspective

Alexandra Délano Alonso

connected to a religious congregation. Some sanctuary activists are even in direct conflict with the church. Yet, the movement generally presents itself as a continuation of such ancient practice in the sense that it appeals to a higher moral or spiritual

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Religious Tourism

Analytical Routes through Multiple Meanings

Emerson Giumbelli

Translator : Jeffrey Hoff

of Saint Paulina, whose representatives have participated in the ExpoCatólica. Located in the city of Nova Trento, where Paulina lived, the sanctuary is administered by the religious congregation that she founded. Built between 2003 and 2006, it

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“Algeria for the Algerians”

Public Education and Settler Identity in the Early Third Republic

Kyle Francis

Algiers or nearby villages and, other than Mira, all had attended public communal schools rather than those run by religious congregations like the Frères des écoles chrétiennes , which directed nearly all of the Catholic schools for boys in Algeria. 39