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The Catholic Nobility’s Commitment to Écoles Libres in France, 1850–1905

Elizabeth C. Macknight

to promote laïcité . The republicans introduced free, compulsory state primary schooling (1880-1882); banned clerics and members of religious orders from teaching posts and education committees (1880, 1886, 1904); reinstituted divorce (1884); and

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The Greek Catholic Community and its Collective Memories

Religious Orders, Monasteries and Confessional Dynamics in Lebanon

Rodrigo Ayupe Bueno da Cruz

position of these religious orders. First, they have served as guardians of the Greek Catholic tradition as both arose during the Greek Catholic Patriarchate's foundation in the Middle East in 1724. Thus, they have the status of connecting the present

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Gertrud Hüwelmeier

This article explores transnational spiritual motherhood in women’s congregations from a historical and anthropological perspective, considering the question as to how ideas of motherhood have changed across geographic borders and over an extended period of time. Within a religious context, kinship terms (mother, sister, daughter) are based not on biological, but on ritual relationships. In the past, social contact to biological parents and to the family of origin was reduced to a minimum or cut off entirely when a young woman entered a religious congregation. In view of the transnationalization of convent life and the accompanying increased mobility of Catholic sisters, this presents new challenges for many religious orders.

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Book Reviews

Daniel Nethery and Elisabeth C. Macknight

priesthood and recruitment to religious orders. Public criticisms of the Catholic Church in Ireland were mounting in the final quarter of the twentieth century. A lack of democracy in the institution was part of the problem identified by opponents

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Harsh, Mild or Gone For Good?

Gavin D’Costa

century). They now practise through an inversion of their founders’ aims. There are no religious orders that were founded to convert Buddhists and Hindus and there is no specific institutional mission towards Buddhists and Hindus. The third line adds

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Hide and Seek

Uncovering the Politics of Playtime

Sarah Fishman

Law, and Female Religious Orders,” French Historical Studies 42, no. 3 (2019): 423–451, doi:10.1215/00161071-7558329. 7 For more on the history of girls and girlhood, see Colin Heywood, “On Learning Gender Roles during Childhood in Nineteenth

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Translating “Holy Bodies” (Corpi Santi) in Malta, 1667–1795

Frans Ciappara

go solely to the cathedral but also and especially to parish churches, while the religious orders—the Dominicans, Discalced Carmelites, Capuchins, and Jesuits—welcomed them too. For some yet unknown reason, the Augustinians, who as sacristans issued

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There Is Always Something New to Discover

The Holocaust, Gender History, and Commemoration Policies in Central and Eastern Europe

Monika Vrzgulová

can learn about groups of women from the Tešín region, female relatives of representatives of both the domestic and foreign resistance, members of religious orders, or Jehovah's witnesses. There is also information about women sentenced for prohibited

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Enter Nurse, or Love’s Labour’s Won

Scott Maisano

Iyengar explains how ‘Hospitals or ’spitals originated in priories or monasteries, as part of religious orders’ duty to tend the sick, succor the poor and aid travelers’ and notes how Shakespeare ‘associates the hospital with festering or incurable disease

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“Like Alice, I was Brave”

The Girl in the Text in Olemaun’s Residential School Narratives

Roxanne Harde

Salish), Ruby Slipperjack (Anishinaabe), and Nicola Campbell (Interior Salish), generally offer similar outlines: children forcibly removed from their homes to boarding schools where they face cruel members of religious orders; policies meant to negate