separation of church and state. 2 Although politically turbulent, the Third Republic seemed destined to last. Within this context, French Catholics did not espouse the premise that nothing could be done. Pope Leo XIII’s directive for ralliement to the
Elizabeth C. Macknight
The author provides a historical analysis of the use of gender metaphors in republican discourse, chiefly the representation of the republic as a father (patria) and as a mother (matria). Both metaphors are present throughout the history of Western political thought, from ancient Rome to the Modern Era. The text shows that their use has profound implications in the way citizenship is conceived and loyalty to the republic can be justified. Finally, the text also identifies a third republican metaphor, fraternity, which has been mostly neglected by republican thought, with few important exceptions. The author concludes by exploring the normative and theoretical possibilities opened up by substituting fraternity for the gendered metaphors.
New Granada, 1818–1853
Francisco A. Ortega
sociopolitical vocabularies—made up of concepts such as republic, constitution, citizenship, liberty, and equality—served to re-elaborate past experiences in radically unexpected directions while shaping the emergence of collective identities. 5 Events and news
Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s
Translator : Jenanne Ferguson
contemporary society and the need for their management has led to the need for this research. The Republic of Tuva has an area of 168,900 square kilometers and is home to 313,700 people ( Statisticheskii ezhegodnik Respubliki Tyva. 2015: 17 ). Tuva became part
Vasiliki P. Neofotistos
Sport and nationalism in the formerly called Republic of Macedonia In the late summer of 2011, a mood of exuberance gripped the Republic of North Macedonia (called, until very recently, the Republic of Macedonia), a country that emerged as an
Nicholas Parlato, Gail Fondahl, Viktoriya Filippova, and Antonina Savvinova
identities through legal actions and channels. In a close examination of the creation of two neighboring TTPs within the Sakha Republic (Iakutiia), one of the Russian Federation's 80-plus “federal subjects” (regions), we explore the evolving role TTPs have
Forum 2000, Prague Castle, Spanish Hall, 4 September 1997
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Allow me to welcome you all very cordially to the Czech Republic, to Prague and Prague Castle. Thank you for accepting the invitation to the Forum 2000 conference – which is being held here and has been made possible especially thanks to the foundations sponsoring and organising it.
The Government of Kafala by the Institutions of Adoption
of the Republic. Governing through Confusion “To understand kafala , you have to put your hands in the sludge.” Françoise Sermaux, Head of the Adoption Service of Department F, June 2017. In France, when a couple or individual 7 wishes
Zdeněk R. Nešpor
The Czech Republic is widely known as 'the least religious' country in the world. However, Czechs might be considered unchurched rather than nonreligious, with various forms of modern New Age spirituality steadily gaining in popularity. The question is, therefore, what is the position of religion - both 'traditional' and 'new' - within a 'non-believing' society? The article commences with a presentation of data taken from two recent sociological surveys on religion, but the author mainly exploits ethnographical research carried out in the medium-sized Czech town of Česká Lípa to address the issue. This research examined both 'old' and 'new' church religion, 'alternative' spiritual outlets, and the religious attitudes of the general population. The author concludes that the traditional religionists of various denominations, followers of the New Age movement(s), and the 'rest' of the population can be seen as three distinctive groups within society and that mutual understanding and acceptance are practically non-existent.
Joan F. Chevalier
Language contact between Russian and non-Russian-speaking populations in the Russian Federation has typically produced subtractive bilingualism with successive generations of ethnolingual minorities shifting to Russian. Tuvan, an Altai-Sayan Turkic language spoken in the Republic of Tyva in southern Siberia, displayed a high level of intergenerational transmission during the Soviet period. This interdisciplinary study examines the evolution of the Tuvan literary language and the key institutions supporting Tuvan language literacy. The article places the development of Tuvan language literacy in a historical perspective, viewing it as part of the overall evolution of Tuvan-Russian language contact. The article also reviews local policies enacted to revitalize Tuvan literacy since the end of the Soviet period.