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From Neo-Republicanism to Socialist Republicanism

Antonio Gramsci, the European Council Movements and the ‘Second Republican Revival’

Andreas Møller Mulvad and Benjamin Ask Popp-Madsen

economy. What is a republican economy? As a conceptual term and historical experience, republicanism is most often associated with forms of political government freed from monarchical elements and with some degree of popular involvement, most often through

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Conservative Roots of Republicanism

Manjeet Ramgotra

Republicanism is generally said to promote virtue and equal political participation, yet many historical republics and republican theories endorse the hierarchical political participation of the upper and lower social classes and recommend a centralised executive power. Republican constitutions incorporate the authority of the nobles, the freedom of the people and the political power of one man. Cicero formulates this understanding of the republic, which endures in the ideas of Machiavelli and Montesquieu. I characterise this school of thought as conservative because it promotes the preservation of the social hierarchy, private property and stability. Moreover, it harnesses change by advancing a policy of expansion. I challenge the mainstream Cambridge School interpretation by tracing the trajectory of conservative republican ideas in the thought of Cicero, Machiavelli and Montesquieu. Few interpretations relate the republicanism of these three thinkers to each other, hence this reading contributes a new way of thinking about republicanism.

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Radical Republicanism

Democracy, Property and Rights

David Guerrero, Bru Laín, and Benjamin Ask Popp-Madsen

practices within those contexts appear to be the main source of what republicanism meant – and what it could mean today. However, broadening the comprehension of the republican tradition can and should be done by informing historical and theoretical

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Freedom, Autonomy, and (Inter)dependency

Feminist Dialogues and Republican Debates on Democracy

Ailynn Torres Santana

Feminisms and the Republican Revival Republicanism has existed for over 2,500 years, but in the nineteenth century, its presence in the public discussion was obscured, displaced, and eclipsed 1 by other philosophical and political traditions

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From Security to Peace and Concord

The Building of a Free Commonwealth in Spinoza's Political Treatise

Stefano Visentin

, Machiavelli's republicanism tends to relativize the importance of concord as a spontaneous union of minds and instead to use the enhancement of conflict and disunity as the main instrument to acquire a free republic. 2 Therefore, although his readers in the

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Machiavelli, Epicureanism and the Ethics of Democracy

Christopher Holman

has notably, for example, forced a reassessment of the substance of Machiavelli's republicanism. For much of the second half of the twentieth century, the majority of readings polarised around a Straussian perspective, in which Machiavelli's appeal to

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Between Resistance and the State

Caribbean Activism and the Invention of a National Memory of Slavery in France

Itay Lotem

resistance within the context of twenty-first-century republicanism. This particular case illustrates the way new anti-racist groups mobilized the memory of slavery to articulate a new kind of black identity in France. This article therefore complements the

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Revisiting French Foundational Republicanism from a Non-teleological Approach

Pablo Facundo Escalante

“Our discipline works under a tacit presupposition of teleology .” —Reinhart Koselleck At the end of the nineteenth century, republicanism became the mythomoteur on which France’s identity was shaped throughout the following century. Back then, the

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Where Only Wind Was Once Sown

The Tradition of Republicanism and the Agrarian Question in Brazil

Heloisa Maria Murgel Starling

The article traces the reception of different strands of Republicanism in Brazil. French republicanism inspired authors such as Euclides da Cunha in his realization that a true Brazilian republic would only be achieved with the inclusion of its vast interior and its destitute population. But the reception of republicanism in Brazil also drew from Anglo-Saxon sources, which resulted also in an emphasis on the political nature of the community. American republicanism, with its conception of territorial expansion, land possession, and active economic participation added a further dimension to Brazilian republicanism. In particular, Teofilo Otoni's attempt to create a political community in the Mucury Valley was modeled after the ideals of American republicanism. Even if the Brazilian republicanism that emerged from the reception of these strands failed to impose its agenda over the political mainstream, it provided a unifying ideology for the opposition throughout the Second Empire and the First Republic, and still constitutes a source of inspiration for political reform and criticism.

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Conceptualizing Difference

The Normative Core of Democracy

Norma Osterberg-Kaufmann, Toralf Stark, and Christoph Mohamad-Klotzbach

to the currently dominant idea of liberalism but also to the ideas of republicanism and communitarianism. These basic ideas of democracy ultimately differ primarily in how the goal, namely rule by, of and for the people (Lincoln, “Gettysburg Address