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The Alchemy of a Corpus of Underwater Images

Locating Carysfort to Reconcile our Human Relationship with a Coral Reef

Deborah James

Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and its partners launched Mission: Iconic Reefs , a “first-of-its-kind” coordinated coral restoration effort at seven designated reefs along this tract including Carysfort ( National Marine Sanctuaries n.d. ). The Florida

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The Madness of King Charles III

Shakespeare and the Modern Monarchy

Richard Wilson

next King Charles suggests a different post revolutionary function for the plays, and a service to monarchy that is in every sense about the Restoration. Not for nothing, on this view, was the Globe troupe named the King’s Men. That restorative role

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Ecological Restoration in “Liquid Societies”

Lessons from Eastern Europe

Ștefan Dorondel, Stelu Şerban, and Marian Tudor

Ecological restoration and nature conservation are seen as complementary ways to impede the rapid decline in biodiversity, which is currently unfolding at an unprecedented rate ( Dinerstein et al. 2019 ; Harris et al. 2006 ; Perkins and Leffler

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The Role of Naturalness in Ecological Restoration

A Case Study from the Cook County Forest Preserves

Nicole M. Evans and William P. Stewart

As opposed to wilderness preservation, which values nature for its lack of humanization ( Cronon 1996 ; Nash 1967 ), many have suggested that ecological restoration may help dismantle the dualism between nature and culture ( Clewell and Aronson

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The Restoration Muslim Tangerines Caliban and Sycorax in Dryden-Davenant's Adaptation of Shakespeare's The Tempest

Hussein A. Alhawamdeh

punishment. After eighteen years of theatre closure by the Puritans, Restoration England put an end to Shakespeare's exile: ‘Shakespeare and Johnson, the preferred reading of Charles I, returned from exile with Charles II, like all of the monarchy's other

Open access

Leadership for sustainability

Protecting the environment

Wanjira Mathai and Ma. del Socorro Aguilar Cucurachi

renewal of restoration.” It became a movement, one tree at a time, by organizing women to organize themselves first and then begin planting trees. Initially, they were planting trees around their homes, creating belts of green trees. The phrase green belt

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Urban Ecological Restoration

Paul H. Gobster

What does ecological restoration mean in an urban context? More than half of the world’s population now lives in cities, and in response to the dynamic patterns of urbanization, a growing number of ecologists, land managers, and volunteers are focusing their efforts in and around cities to restore remnants of natural diversity (Ingram 2008). Ecological restoration is still a quite youthful field, yet many scientists and practitioners hold a relatively fixed set of criteria for what defines a successful restoration project, irrespective of where sites are located. Among the criteria commonly stated, sites should be composed of indigenous species, have a structure and diversity characteristic of currently undisturbed or historically documented “reference” sites, and be maintained through ecological processes such as fire that ensure long-term sustainability with minimal human assistance (Ruiz-Jaén and Aide 2005; SER International 2004). Application of these criteria has led to many ecologically successful restorations, but some ecologists in the field have begun to question whether the same standards can be realistically applied to sites such as those within urban areas that have been radically altered by past human activity (e.g., Martínez and López-Barerra 2008) or are being influenced by novel conditions that result in unpredictable trajectories (Choi 2007). Perhaps more significantly, it is becoming increasingly recognized that the broader viability of restoration projects, especially those in urban areas, hinges on how socially successful they are in gaining public acceptance for restoration activities and practices, building constituencies to assist with implementation and maintenance, and addressing a broader set of sustainability goals that reach beyond the protection of native biodiversity (e.g., Choi et al. 2008; Hobbs 2007; Rosenzweig 2003).

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Denkmalpflege, Denazification, and the Bureaucratic Manufacture of Memory in Bavaria

Lauren Schwartz

to envision such an intervention problematized the tension between restoration and renewal as paradigms of monument denazification. On the other hand, unsuccessful proposals for renaming the Haus der Deutschen Kunst exhibited the difficulty of

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Refueling Satoyama Woodland Restoration in Japan: Enhancing Restoration Practice and Experiences through Woodfuel Utilization

Toru Terada, Makoto Yokohari, Jay Bolthouse, and Nobuhiko Tanaka

Urban and peri-urban satoyama woodlands have become focal points of restoration throughout Japan. Prior to the abrupt shift to fossil fuels in the 1950-60s, villages coppiced these woods to produce a sustainable supply of wood fuel, a process that also sustained a dynamic woodland structure rich in biodiversity. Currently, amidst a “satoyama renaissance,” thousands of volunteer groups are restoring management to abandoned woods. Yet while volunteers are the main drivers of the satoyama renaissance, volunteer management tends to be limited in spatial extent and focused on the “parkification” of woodlands. Through a case study of four satoyama restoration scenarios we found that reintroduction of coppicing for wood fuel—“refueling”—can play a role in addressing climate change through fossil fuel substitution. We suggest that this literal refueling of satoyama restoration could, in a more metaphorical sense, help to refuel restoration efforts by strengthening both restoration practice and the authenticity of restoration experiences.

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Urban Park Restoration and the "Museumification" of Nature

Paul H. Gobster

Ecological restoration is becoming an increasingly popular means of managing urban natural areas for human and environmental values. But although urban ecological restorations can foster unique, positive relationships between people and nature, the scope of these interactions is often restricted to particular activities and experiences, especially in city park settings. Drawing on personal experiences and research on urban park restorations in Chicago and San Francisco, I explore the phenomenon of this "museumification" in terms of its revision of landscape and land use history, how it presents nature through restoration design and implementation, and its potential impacts on the nature experiences of park users, particularly children. I conclude that although museum-type restorations might be necessary in some cases, alternative models for the management of urban natural areas may provide a better balance between goals of achieving authenticity in ecological restorations and authenticity of nature experiences.