Introduction The invitation to write this essay has been timely. I am in the midst of teaching an undergraduate course on migration in the twenty-first century in which I explore, with my students, questions about the differential rights afforded to
Moving beyond Migrants’ Rights
Sin Yee Koh
Christopher J. Allsobrook
. These approaches ground political analysis of institutions and public policy on unfiltered raw data, that is on units of static individual rights and personal preferences. As the Foucauldian account of power in FIP makes clear, rights and preferences
The main debates on human rights are caught in their stasis—and they remain perhaps even more static if they aim on developing a dynamic view. Instances of “dynamizing” such thinking are very much coined by the developmental thinking à la W. W
Assessing the role of national human rights institutions in democracy and development in Ghana and Uganda
Richard Iroanya, Patrick Dzimiri, and Edith Phaswana
The human rights-based service delivery approach emphasizes that sustainable democracy and development cannot be divorced from recognition, respect, and protection of fundamental human rights of people in any given sociopolitical space. This
The transnational construction of indigenous and human rights among Vietnam's Central Highlanders
In the context of the conflict-ridden relationship with the Vietnamese state and the growing transnational interference by their vociferous diaspora, this paper analyzes particular shifts in the framing of their rights. A notion of collective group rights that are by definition particularistic and exclusive has given way to individual rights (especially religious freedom) that are universal and inclusive. Simultaneously, a localized and communal emphasis has changed to a transnational one oriented toward international fora. Local interests and aspirations thus come to be framed as universal human rights that pertain to individuals, rather than local rights that pertain to collectives. In this light, recent attempts to theorize minority or indigenous rights appear to be ineffective and will probably be counter-productive.
Populist and Peasant Conceptions of Entitlement in Rural Nicaragua
What are we doing, what have we been doing? We’ve been re-establishing the rights of the People. —Nicaraguan Vice President and First Lady Rosario Murillo As I write in April 2018, social media is erupting in response to an outbreak of state
A gate to development of African women's land rights?
The global competition for African land is at a historical peak. Local effects of large-scale land acquisitions depend on multiple factors, but women's rights and livelihoods are generally very fragile due to historical and contemporary injustices. Good land governance is important for turning the land acquisitions into equal and equitable development opportunities. The human rights-based approach promotes good governance by adding strength and legal substance to the principles of participation and inclusion, openness and transparency, accountability and the rule of law, and equality and nondiscrimination. By empowering rights-holders and enhancing duty-bearers' capacity, international development cooperation can lead to wider and more gender-balanced inclusion of civil society in negotiations of large-scale land acquisitions and greater adherence of duty-bearers to the rule of law. This is especially important in African countries with large amounts of land and weak legal and institutional frameworks to protect rights, especially those of women.
Political Rights and Presidential Leadership to the Test
, Latin American democracies were notoriously defective in the areas of political and civil rights and horizontal accountability. In the current situation, it is precisely in these problem areas that additional risks for democracy arise due to restrictions
In classical African communitarianism, individual rights have tended to be accorded a secondary status to the good of the community. What is prioritised are the duties and obligations the individual has to the whole as opposed to the entitlements one can expect to derive from a community qua individual. I seek to show that this view, by its own standards and assumptions, is erroneous in framing rights as secondary to the good of the community. I attempt to show that individual rights are an inherent component of classical African communitarian accounts. Further, I seek to argue for a non-communalist view of African communitarianism which takes into full account the multiple factors that constitute modern African communities. Such a view, I suggest, will avoid the unnecessary dichotomisation of rights which has become synonymous with the classical African communitarian account.
Indigenous rights and political participation in Venezuela
Venezuela occupies a special place in Latin America and its relationships with Indigenous Peoples are not generally well understood. In the context of the new rights granted to indigenous populations the relations between the Amerindian