Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 9 of 9 items for :

  • "ruling coalition" x
  • All content x
Clear All
Restricted access

The Politics of Historical Memory in Germany

Brandt's Ostpolitik, the German-Polish History Textbook Commission, and Conservative Reaction

Yangmo Ku

Prior to the late 1960s, German history textbooks lacked coverage of Poland and depicted Germany's eastern neighbor with negative images. The 1970s and 1980s, however, witnessed positive changes to the contents of German school textbooks—particularly with respect to their descriptions of Poland and German-Polish relations. How and why did Germany promote a more reflective view of history and correct negative descriptions of the Poles in German history textbooks between the 1970s and 1980s? This article addresses this question by focusing on the influence of Brandt's Ostpolitik and on the activities of the German-Polish History Textbook Commission. The article also shows how contemporary conservative reaction was not powerful enough to reverse these positive changes to German history textbooks.

Full access

Maurizio Cotta and Luca Verzichelli

An assessment of the second Berlusconi government in 2002, quite

predictably, holds considerable interest for a number of reasons. The

hopes pinned on this government, which is unusual in the history of

Italian politics, call for such a review. To begin with, this is the first

republican government characterized by the introduction of the

majority vote system to choose both the ruling coalition and the

prime minister. Secondly, cabinet ministers represent all components

of the electoral majority and can also count on a rather reassuring

advantage in terms of the seats they hold both in the Chamber of

Deputies and in the Senate. Finally, in a radically reshuffled political

structure following the events of the 1990s, the comeback of a player

(who may be identified as Prime Minister Berlusconi as well as the

center-right majority) whose government had failed the first time

around could be profitably analyzed in terms of institutional learning

and of the establishment of a new bipolar/majoritarian order.

Restricted access

Udi Sommer

This article analyzes decision making in national security cases on the Israeli Supreme Court and draws broader comparative conclusions. In the post-9/11 era, security has topped the national agendas in numerous established democracies, with repercussions involving their courts. Analyses of decision making on national security in Western judiciaries may benefit from lessons from the Israeli Court, which has been a pivotal player in this domain. A formal model analyzes how internal court institutions plus the rationality of individual justices are conducive to strategic Court behavior. Predictions are tested empirically using an original database with security decisions from 1997 to 2004. The findings indicate that constitutional design, Court leadership, ideology of the ruling coalition and interest group activity have influenced decisions of the Israeli Court on national defense. This study builds on and expands existing scholarship on the complex links among law, politics, and national security in Israel and beyond.

Full access

Marie-Claire Ponthoreau and Hervé Rayner

Coming so soon after the exceptionally hard-fought and controversial

general election, the 2006 Italian presidential election took place in a

particularly tense political climate. The center-right—and, in particular,

its leader Silvio Berlusconi—attempted to use the election to exploit the

internal tensions within the new parliamentary majority and accused

the center-left of attempting to “occupy” the institutions of the state.

Moreover, the determination of the Democratici di Sinistra (DS, Left

Democrats) to elect one of its own leaders as head of state limited the

center-left’s room for maneuver. Given this state of affairs, the solution

of a bipartisan compromise (such as that in October 1999, which

had allowed Carlo Azeglio Ciampi to be elected in the first round of

voting) was impossible. The risk of a long series of ballots was therefore

obvious and would have increased political tension and seriously

tested the cohesion of the ruling coalition. Despite its heterogeneity,

the center-left nevertheless managed, without enormous difficulty, to

agree on the candidacy of Giorgio Napolitano, who was duly elected

on 10 May in the fourth round of voting with the unanimous support

of all components of the center-left (the electors from the center-right,

divided on the best tactic to adopt, cast blank votes).

Restricted access

Investing in Early Crisis Relief or Reelection?

Comparing German Party Responses to the Euro Crisis

Alexandra Hennessy

macroeconomic policy proposals that were put forth by the ruling coalition as well as opposition parties between 2010 and 2013. I show that the conservative-liberal coalition faced an incentive incompatibility problem and thus offered quick fixes instead of

Restricted access

Maoz Rosenthal

originates from the ruling coalition. Hence, a chair with a stake in the policy process prefers to ‘own’ these processes and divert them toward her agenda. Thus, the institutional structure of the Knesset rules and procedures does not allow the chair to

Restricted access

Whose Austria?

Muslim Youth Challenge Nativist and Closed Notions of Austrian Identity

Farid Hafez

ambiguous integration politics ( Gruber and Rosenberger 2015 ). The attempts of defining ‘Muslim’ (in what the government called ‘Islam of Austrian/European Imprint’) and creating a submissive identity for Muslims provided the ruling coalition of Social

Open access

Report from the Region

The “Anti-Gender” Wave Contested: Gender Studies, Civil Society, and the State in Eastern Europe and Beyond*

International Lobbyists to Legalize the Third Sex.” 16 Karakachanov declared that his party and the “Patriots,” partners in the ruling coalition, will not support the ratification of the Istanbul Convention, and will fight against it. Karakachanov's discourse

Restricted access

Osnat Akirav

aspired to join the ruling coalition, but did not. The September 2019 Election Table 3 shows the joint lists created for the September 2019 election, the third election after the threshold had been set at 3.25 percent. There were four joint lists