Adopting a qualitative anthropological approach, this report discusses and critiques dominant theoretical currents in the study of poverty and presents a more qualitative analysis of the topic. Through an examination of rural Jordan, new sets of concepts and calculations on poverty - both qualitative and quantitative - have been forged. The research indicates that poverty, as an economic fact, can easily be manipulated and treated as a numerical game. As a social fact, poverty is seen in terms of complex coping strategies that are managed within a framework of social norms.
Assessment and Characterisation
Mohamed Tarawneh and Abdel Hakim Al Husban
John R. Campbell
This article explores the relation between theory and method in three methodologically innovative studies of rural poverty. The issue is pertinent because the nature of research on poverty has shifted from small-scale qualitative studies to large surveys, and to national-scale studies that combine qualitative and quantitative methods in an effort to inform policy makers on appropriate poverty reduction strategies. The interest in combined methods holds considerable promise for poverty research because it links a search for 'objective' economic concerns to the analysis of 'subjective' and context-specific issues. It is instructive to examine recent studies of poverty that have pursued different theoretical and methodological choices with a view to understand how 'theory' influenced methodological choices, and whether and how such choices influenced their understanding of poverty.
Interactional Impacts on Claimants of Chinese Dibao
Jian Chen and Lichao Yang
The Chinese minimum living standard guarantee (dibao), which has been in place since the 1990s, is one of the most important social assistance programs run by the Chinese government. There is extensive literature on dibao, a majority of which deals with how it is allocated in rural communities and its effectiveness in alleviating rural poverty. Receiving dibao is often considered a sign of poverty. Scholars have long discussed the shame experienced by people in poverty. However, very few empirical studies have paid attention to the interplay between shame and dibao. This study draws on one month of qualitative fieldwork, focused on dibao implementation in both urban and rural China. It aims to understand how dibao and shame are connected in relation to three elements of policy provision: discretion, rights, and negotiation.
African Megaprojects at a Situated Scale
Serena Stein and Marc Kalina
promises of improved food security and rural poverty reduction—even environmental sustainability and conservation goals—with energy development, natural resource extraction, and transport infrastructure through incoming capital by both long
An Analysis of the Evaluation of Different Classes
Cui Yan and Huang Yongliang
. 2013 . “ Prevention and Control of Social Class Interests Over-Differentiation .” [In Chinese.] China Management Magazine 5 : 406 – 407 . Xie , H. 2010 . “ The Development of China’s Rural Poverty Alleviation under the Guidance of Social Quality
Leyla Neyzi, Nida Alahmad, Nina Gren, Martha Lagace, Chelsey Ancliffe, and Susanne Bregnbæk
thinking is a global movement affecting us all. The case of Rwanda, however, with its violent past, uncertain future under authoritarianism, and endemic rural poverty, highlights questions of self and others in particularly stark terms for understanding the
Xu Yanhui and Gong Ziyu
. , and C. Shi . 2005 . “ ‘Capability Poverty’ and the Choice of Anti-poverty Approach in Rural China .” [In Chinese.] Chinese Journal of Population Science 2001 ( S1 ): 99 – 104 . Fang , J . 2011 . “ Rural Poverty in New Phase from the
Creating a New Disease Grouping
their behalf. Diseases associated with rural poverty may have little impact on decision makers in capital cities (Pecoul, 2005). 3. Association with Stigma and Discrimination, Especially of Women Many NTDs produce disfigurement and disability, leading to
Ann Grodzins Gold
Ann Grodzins Gold, Bhrigupati Singh, Farhana Ibrahim, Edward Simpson, and Kirin Narayan
conscience as an educated, urban Indian when confronted with rural poverty and deprivation. For him, to appreciate the rich performative, imaginative religious worlds of persons materially poor, subject to exploitation, and lacking decent social services felt