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Les rites d'âshurâ dans un village de l'Iran contemporain

Révélateur privilégié d'un monde rural en mutation

Anne-Sophie Vivier-Muresan

This article aims to analyse the evolution of âshurâ Shi’ite rituals in an Iranian village, in light of the socio-economic transformations of the last thirty years. Studying these rites as a fait social total, we show that they reflect many aspects of local life. Thus, the increasing dependence of the village on the urban regional centre, the reorganisation of the ties between neighbouring but antagonistic localities, the decreasing status of the great landowners and the increasing social homogenisation, the development of rural exodus and recent national history (the Iran-Iraq war, the establishment of the Islamic Republic and the development of religious reformism) – all have had an influence on the organisation of âshurâ ceremonies. The many functions of this ritual appear then more clearly, manifesting the manner of regional integration, reaffirming internal hierarchies and communal identity, and showing the ever-increasing dependence on the urban world.

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

–1910 , originally published in Romanian in 2015, Constantin Barbulescu analyzes the modernization of the Romanian rural world through the social history of medicine. By offering a study of what he calls “social imagology” (3), Barbulescu focuses on the discourses of

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The Other House

The Secondary Residence in Postwar France

Sarah Farmer

between the public and private sectors to modernize business and industry, promote rapid urbanization, and increase domestic consumption of mass-produced goods. 6 The rural world was no less the object of the state’s modernizing zeal. In the 1950s and 1960

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Stiletto Socialism

Social Class, Dressing Up, and Women's Self-Positioning in Socialist Slovenia

Polona Sitar

, progress, and culture. 84 The contrasts between urban and rural worlds accentuated patterns of social distance. Newcomers in the cities, whom Andrei Simić defined as “peasant urbanites,” continued to maintain close connections with their villages of origin