This article focuses on gender relations and industrialization in the Stalinist and post-Stalinist period in Poland. Taking the example of a newly built metal factory in Kraśnik and its female workers, it shows the importance of local conditions for the process of the “productivization” of women. The article argues that in rural areas the access of women to the factory generated less conflict than in the urban milieu. The plant employed a great number of female workers in nearly every position—not as a result of any special “productivization” policy, but because women sought to work there. Women in Kraśnik did not see a conflict between their identities as women and wage work, including that in occupations traditionally dominated by men. In the course of de-Stalinization, the gender division of work became more important in shaping the employment policy of the factory. This article demonstrates how gender ideologies specific to peasant and workers' culture interacted in the process of industrialization.
The Case of a Polish Factory in the 1950s
improve their households’ economies. Through a series of informal and later formal conversations, we decided to design and conduct a survey – as a means to reflect upon progress and gaps made since the 2007 Plan . One leader pointed out, ‘Rural women have
Ethical Participatory Visual Research with Girls
Astrid Treffry-Goatley, Lisa Wiebesiek, Naydene de Lange, and Relebohile Moletsane
.12142 Mitchell , Claudia , Naydene de Lange , and Relebohile Moletsane . 2016 . “ Poetry in a Pocket: The Cellphilms of South African Rural Women Teachers and the Poetics of the Everyday .” In What’s a Cellphilm? Integrating Mobile Phone
local land trust committees, but this did not prevent traditional leaders from discriminating against women where their land rights were concerned. Nor did consultations with such groups as the Rural Women’s Movement prevent the closed-door, elite
Reflections on Accompanying Women Territory Defenders in Bolivia
Floor van der Hout
In this article, I explore what a more ethical and decolonial approach to North-South research could look like, reflecting on my experiences of accompanying women territory defenders in Bolivia. I argue that the same colonial extractivist logic that threatens the lives and territories of indigenous and rural women in Abya Yala is also being reproduced in processes of knowledge production in neoliberal academia. Drawing on the critical work of feminist and indigenous scholars from Abya Yala, I propose a relational and embodied methodological approach that I call ‘acompañar’ that has the potential to resist these extractivist tendencies. I conclude that decolonization requires a radical exploration of the researcher’s positionings in ongoing colonial processes and resistance to the temporalities of neoliberal academia.
Women's Education and Everyday Mobility in Rural Pakistan
Muhammad A. Z. Mughal
This article discusses the relationship between women’s education and their everyday mobility in the rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. Based on an ethnographic case study from a village in Southern Punjab, information from semi-structured interviews and observations is used to demonstrate an enhanced access to education has altered women’s everyday mobility trends. However, questions regarding women’s empowerment remain unresolved. Although some rural women have always been engaged in agricultural activities, there have been limitations on their mobility due to cultural sensitivities. I conclude the nature of social and socio-spatial relationships is being negotiated in some cultural contexts of rural Punjab through the changing facets of women’s mobility associated with modern education.
Carl A. Maida and Sam Beck
articles, which appear in this issue, focus on the Global South, specifically South America and South Asia. Linda D’Amico describes the ways rural women and men in the Ecuadorian Cloud Forests created regional and trans-regional institutions to develop and
–1935) as an example of folk enlightenment—there was no fostering of women's emancipation in it. Within this periodical, she analyzes women's anti-portraits and, more broadly, the position of rural women in that period and their detachment from the feminist
An Anthropological Investigation into Narratives as a Source of Enquiry in Development Planning
), oversees a nongovernmental programme for rural women. In her experience, it is the business-oriented ‘culture’ that has made Indo-Trinidadians successful in Chaguanas: From a business perspective, and here we use the word ‘culture’ … we have seen the
Representations of (Im)mobile Young Masculinities and Place in the Swedish Countryside
as unmodern and backward or as uneducated, unrespectable, and problematic “white trash” ( Beech 2004 ; Stenbacka 2011 ). The invectives echoed here are often aimed at rural men rather than rural women ( Nordin 2007 ), and the rural is in this way