Swedish media discourse, boys in disadvantaged places such as segregated urban areas or rural (post)industrial towns are continuously portrayed as having growing educational and social difficulties ( Jonsson 2014 ; Stenbacka 2011 ). While there is a rich
Representations of (Im)mobile Young Masculinities and Place in the Swedish Countryside
The Construction of Gender in a Rural Scottish School
Fiona G. Menzies and Ninetta Santoro
Introduction The lack of research on the construction of gendered identities in rural school contexts is well accepted ( Cairns 2014 ; Casey et al. 2016 ; Dunkley 2004 ). For some time, educational research has been criticized for citing the rural
The Australian Town in Twentieth-Century Travel
imagined the rural countryside as a tourist’s refuge. It is a place to escape to, to unwind in, and one that offers a romanticized ideal of rural life. But the traveler is not the only one expected to benefit. Those in Australian country towns have also
A Success Story?
Mercedes González de la Rocha and Agustín Escobar Latapí
inequality, and the reproduction of poverty. Martina is the fifth and last child of a pima or O’ob (indigenous) couple branded by ancestral poverty, rural isolation, and lack of opportunity. Her father and mother each attended school for no more than
Formative Experiences and Identity in Peasant Childhood
This article is based on ethnographic research I started in 2008 as part of a team studying formative experience and identity among different ethnic groups in Argentina ( Novaro 2011 ). I selected San Ignacio 1 for my fieldwork because this rural
Gender and Rural Modernization in Postwar France
After World War II, France’s rural Catholic youth associations (Jeunesse agricole catholique [JAC] and its sister organization, Jeunesse agricole catholique féminine [JACF]) organized a traveling home expo for agrarian families. The Rural Home Expo promoted a vision of rural modernization that drew on gendered models of postwar consumerism, economic development, and Catholic teaching on the family. The new rural home envisioned by JAC helped popularize and advance policies to industrialize French agriculture. By the mid-1950s, female activists resisted the gendered division of labor on which this vision was based. In 1957, JACF shifted its mission to promote women’s participation in the agricultural profession.
returned, despite the poor job prospects in rural Flores? “Because I feel connected to Ngada,” she answered. And it was this connection that had motivated her return to Ronaga upon graduation, as she felt she had “to build up the community” ( membangun
Place, Desire, and Country Girlhood
This article explores the figure of the bored country girl that appears widely in popular culture but also in girls studies and rural studies through ethnographic research in Australian country towns. While the presumption that country girls lack resources and opportunities for entertainment and leisure is in many ways empirically valid, this problem's articulation in girls' lives also offers an important perspective from which to ask what boredom and cultural needs mean, relative to each other, for both rural studies and girls studies. This article suggests that girlhood's relation to policy discourse and urbanized modernity can be productively reconsidered through the lived experience of country girls.
Assessment and Characterisation
Mohamed Tarawneh and Abdel Hakim Al Husban
Adopting a qualitative anthropological approach, this report discusses and critiques dominant theoretical currents in the study of poverty and presents a more qualitative analysis of the topic. Through an examination of rural Jordan, new sets of concepts and calculations on poverty - both qualitative and quantitative - have been forged. The research indicates that poverty, as an economic fact, can easily be manipulated and treated as a numerical game. As a social fact, poverty is seen in terms of complex coping strategies that are managed within a framework of social norms.
Rural Identity versus Urban Arena in Cairene Cultural Narrative and Public Discourse
Anna Tozzi Di Marco
Cairo's City of the Dead embodies the social and cultural stratification that has occurred over the course of Egyptian history. Nowadays, its syncretic culture is a mixture of urban and rural aspects - a 'rurban' culture. In an effort to escape from the poverty of their hamlets, rural migrants started to move to the capital during the last decades of Ottoman rule, ending up in the fringe zones of the city. During the second wave of migration in the twentieth century, the poorest segments illicitly occupied abandoned or rarely visited funeral courtyards. The article explores how this district has been restructured by the occupation. It analyses the meaning of the physical and cultural transformations of funerary spaces, as well as the migrants' role in the formation of the locality.