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Crain Soudien

Central in clearing the ground around the standing of the concept of 'race' are two positions with which we need to come to terms. The first is what I call 'the science' position and the second 'racial realism'. Neither of the positions is coherent and homogeneous. Neither, also, self-consciously projects itself as a political position in response to the other. In this contribution I attempt to bring these positions into a clearer juxtaposition with a view to developing a statement about the value of 'race' as an analytic concept. in taking this expository route I lay out what 'the science' position is in the first part of the discussion and proceed to engage with 'racial realism' in a second. The premise with which the 'science position' begins, adumbrated above, is the argument that 'race' cannot be empirically demonstrated. It takes its substance from the historical time and place in which it finds itself. In the Althusserian sense its materiality is in the effects of ideology. The second position of racial realism argues that the science position is naïve and fails to understand the materiality of 'race'. The focus of this paper is the second position. It looks at the issues and shortcomings of this position.

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Entangled traditions of race

Physical anthropology in Hungary and Romania, 1900–1940

Marius Turda

This article discusses the relationship between race and physical anthropology in Hungary and Romania between 1900 and 1940. It begins by looking at institutional developments in both countries and how these influenced the most important Hungarian and Romanian anthropologists' professional and research agendas. Drawing from a wide range of primary sources, the article reveals the significant role the concept of race played in articulating anthropological and ethnic narratives of national belonging. It is necessary to understand the appeal of the idea of race in this context. With idealized images of national communities and racial hierarchies creeping back into Eastern European popular culture and politics, one needs to understand the latent and often unrecognized legacies of race in shaping not only scientific disciplines like anthropology, but also the emergence and entrancement of modern Hungarian and Romanian nationalism.

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Yan Slobodkin

treating diet as a social and economic problem as well as a physiological one. In the 1920s, experts in AEF applied nutritional thinking not only to individual bodies, but to “races” in their entirety. 3 In an age of increasingly rigid scientific racism

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Black Moves

Moments in the History of African-American Masculine Mobilities

Tim Cresswell

stomach, liver and genital organs.” 29 We would now recognize Cartwright as a proponent of a discredited scientific racism. At the time, however, it was taken seriously and presented at a meeting of the Medical Association of Louisiana. In his talk he

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Laura Phillips

Miranda Lowe (2018) cite the Enlightenment as the start of scientific racism and name museums as a location where scientific racism became firmly entrenched. 6 Nathan and Heather have both given me permission to include their names in the discussion of

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Adeel Hamza and John Gannon

central to German power as it expanded through Europe were scientific racism and scientific bureaucracy (ibid.: 185–221). In a way, however, the point that these institutions were nurtured in the colonies begs the question of the relation between the three

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David Herman

important was that antisemitism was changing into a form of scientific racism. The crucial point is that late nineteenth-century medical science and psychiatry were dominated by racist and, in particular, antisemitic ideas and stereotypes. ‘The fantasy of

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Wiping away the Tears of the Ocean


Mogobe Ramose

criteria of the classification of human races often moved from biology to physiognomy. The high point of this movement was ‘scientific racism’ (Popkin 1978–79: 206–208). Important to note here is that ‘scientific racism’ largely ignored Tobias

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Nele Noesselt

Social Darwinism in combination with “scientific racism.” These mind-maps, according to Lin's psychoanalysis of Chinese intellectuals, would generate a certain affinity toward Islamophobic policies and legitimate political actions presented as necessary

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European Bodies

Who Embodies europe? Explorations into the Construction of european Bodies

Anika Keinz and Paweł Lewicki

into scientific racism’ which ‘imprinted the physical contours of stereotypic others on the European imagination – and, with them, a host of derogatory associations’ (309). Taking this quote as a starting point in this issue, we would like to