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Visiones alternativas sobre seguridad en América Latina

Hacia una contribución global en seguridad humana

Oscar A. Gómez

*Full article is in Spanish

English abstract: This article analyzes the peripheral role of Latin America in global discussions about human security. The main hypothesis is that proposals for opening security theories and practices to a “human vision” failed to merge with the evolution of security concepts and institutions in the region over the last twenty years. Hence, there is no constructive communication interface between citizen and human security activities that inform security practices in the medium and long term. This article describes two approaches: (a) the slow development of human security concepts that may be somehow useful to the region due to (b) the positioning of citizen security as an alternative security paradigm in Latin America. Following a conceptual and institutional review of these approaches, the article concludes with some proposals to establish a dynamic and effective bridge between these two visions.

Spanish abstract: El presente artículo analiza el papel periférico de Latinoamérica en las discusiones mundiales sobre el concepto/enfoque de seguridad humana. La hipótesis de trabajo es que las propuestas para abrir la teoría y práctica de seguridad en la región a la visión humana no han logrado acoplarse a la evolución en las concepciones e instituciones de seguridad durante los últimos veinte años; por tanto, no existe una interface constructiva de comunicación entre lo ciudadano y lo humano que informe el quehacer en seguridad en el mediano y largo plazo. El estudio describe dos hilos conductores: (a) el lento desarrollo de versiones elaboradas del concepto de seguridad humana que resulten útiles a las sociedades de la región, en parte producto de (b) el posicionamiento de la seguridad ciudadana como el paradigma alternativo de seguridad en América Latina. Después de hacer una revisión de estos hilos en lo conceptual e institucional, el artículo cierra con algunas propuestas para establecer un puente más dinámico y efectivo entre las dos visiones.

French abstract: Cet article analyse le rôle périphérique de l'Amérique latine dans le débat mondial sur le concept / approche de la sécurité humaine. L'hypothèse de travail est que les propositions visant à ouvrir la théorie et la pratique de la sécurité dans la région à la vision humaine ont échoué à engager l'évolution des concepts et des institutions de sécurité au cours des ces vingt dernières années; par conséquent, il n'existe pas d'interface de communication constructive entre le citoyen et l'activité humaine à informer sur les initiatives de sécurité dans le moyen et long terme. L'étude décrit deux fils conducteurs: (1) la lenteur du développement des versions du concept de sécurité humaine élaborées qui sont utiles aux entreprises dans la région, en partie le produit de (2) la conception de la sécurité « citoyenne » comme un paradigme alternatif de la sécurité en Amérique latine. Après un examen de ces discussions sur le conceptuel et l'institutionnel, l'article se termine par quelques propositions destinées à établir un pont plus dynamique et efficient entre les deux points de vue.

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Book Reviews

Yitzhak Reiter, Ned Lazarus, Uri Ben-Eliezer, Adi Mahalel, Orna Sasson-Levy, and Shalom Rosenberg

University of Maryland Ayelet Harel-Shalev and Shir Daphna-Tekoah , Breaking the Binaries in Security Studies: A Gendered Perspective of Women in Combat (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020), 168 pp. Hardback, $74.00. Ayelet Harel-Shalev and

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Recent Books in Hebrew on the Conflict A Melange

Menachem Klein

Shaul Bartal, The Palestinians from the Naqba to Feddayun, 1949–1956 (Jerusalem: Carmel, 2009).

Matti Steinberg, Facing Their Fate: Palestinian National Consciousness, 1967–2007 (Miskal: Yedioth Aharonoth, 2008).

Shaul Arieli and Michael Sfard, The Wall of Folly (Miskal: Yedioth Aharonoth, 2008).

Nava Sonnenschein, Dialogue-Challenging Identity: Jews Constructing Their Identity through Encounter with Palestinians (Haifa: Pardes, 2008).

Sarab Abu Rabia Queder and Naomi Weiner-Levy, eds., Palestinian Women in Israel: Identity Power Relations and Coping Strategies (Jerusalem: Van Leer Jerusalem Institute/Hakibbutz Hameuchad Publishing House, 2010).

Honaida Ghanim, Reinventing the Nation: Palestinian Intellectuals in Israel (Jerusalem: Magnes, 2009).

Ephraim Lavie, ed., Israel and the Arab Peace Initiative (Tel Aviv University: Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Studies, Moshe Dayan Center for Middle East and Africa Studies and Daniel S. Abraham Center for International and Regional Studies, 2010).

Michael Milstein, Mukawama: The Challenge of Resistance to Israel’s National Security Concept (Tel Aviv University: Institute for National Security Studies, 2010).

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The Puzzle of The University on Air

A Story of Media and Academia in Israel, 1977–2013

Hagai Boas and Ayelet Baram-Tsabari

and security studies, and Israeli society. This classification highlights content trends such as the ratio of exact sciences to humanities or the appearance of local topics such as Jewish thought or courses on Israeli society and culture. Primarily

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Editors’ Note

Oded Haklai and Adia Mendelsohn-Maoz

this phenomenon. Theories of diaspora, social movements, transnationalism, security studies, and state capacity are just several of the options available to scholars. Alongside the special section, this issue includes two general research articles

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Bringing (inter)national history into ‘Introduction to International Relations’

Andrew A. Szarejko

. Hendrix , C. S. and J. Vreede ( 2019 ), ‘ US Dominance in International Relations and security scholarship in leading journals ’, Journal of Global Security Studies 4 , no. 3 : 310 – 320 . https://doi.org/10.1093/jogss/ogz023 . Holton , W

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Introduction

Ethnographies of Private Security

Erella Grassiani and Tessa Diphoorn

the past two years, two encompassing and insightful edited volumes have emerged that bring these various perspectives together, namely the Handbook of Private Security Studies ( Abrahamsen and Leander 2015 ) and the Routledge Research Companion to

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Delegitimization as a National Security Threat

Israel and BDS

Ronnie Olesker

Security Studies (INSS) at Tel Aviv University, similarly stated that delegitimization is more of a threat to Israel than war, since the country “faced a ‘strategic threat just as pressing as that posed by rockets and missiles: the threat to our legitimacy

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Damaging Environments

Land, Settler Colonialism, and Security for Indigenous Peoples

Wilfrid Greaves

-being. Indigenous peoples have also been largely absent from the academic fields of international relations (IR) and security studies ( Epp 2000 ; King 2017 ; Shaw 2002 ). IR scholarship rarely mentions Indigenous peoples in relation to security, with limited

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Social Solidarity during the Pandemic

The Israeli Experience

Nir Atmor, Yaffa Moskovich, and Ido Liberman

: Free Press . Elran , Meir , and Shmuel Even . 2020 . Civilian Resilience in Israel and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Analysis of a CBS Survey . Report 1318. Tel Aviv : Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) . Forsyth , Donelson R. 2010