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Civilization versus Barbarism
The Franco-Prussian War in French History Textbooks, 1875–1895
In French history textbooks published after France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 to 1871, the presentation of the war and its outcome frequently include the myth of France's revanche and depictions of the Prussian enemy as barbarians. Other textbooks presented a narrative of progress in which the French Third Republic is shown as the endpoint of a process of advancing civilization. While the idea of a French revanche can be regarded as a founding myth of the Third Republic, the narrative of progress can be seen as an echo of this myth, cleansed of the concept of the enemy as barbarian, which constitutes a national master narrative.
The Leftist “Imagined Community”
The Transnational Imagination of Left-Wing Subversive Organizations in Western Europe
/terrorist organization is questioned as well. As we can see, the imagination crossed the boundaries of the defined typologies of terrorist groups. The emic self-perception of a part of the “global anti-imperialist front” did not respect this categorization
Rites of Passage Programs for Adolescent Boys in Schools
A Scoping Review
ROPPs are examined: rationale, design, and impact. Research outcomes are discussed, comprising reports of enhanced community engagement, development of responsible citizenship, and improved self-perception through the fostering of positive identity
The Jewish Centrality of Israel
The 1958 ‘Who Is a Jew?’ Affair as a Case Study
Israeli self-perception and presumption of being the spiritual and cultural homeland for all Jews and Jewish perspectives. In responding to this assertion, the Orthodox respondents conformed to a similar pattern: they all acknowledged the centrality of
Deutschland einig Vaterland?
East-West Cleavages in Germany Thirty Years After Reunification
misplacement in the region. In this respect the self-perception of eastern Germans as “second-class citizens” 15 in unified Germany is crucial to understand how the failings of the reunification process have created lasting scars in substantial sections of
Sexuality and subjectivity
Erotic practices and the question of bodily sensations
Although the history of anthropology shows various shifts in the way sexuality has been theorised, studies of the relation between sexuality and bodily sensations have remained limited. In this article I explore the concept of body‐sensorial knowledge to understand the relation between the social significance of sexuality and erotic sensations. I argue that the sensual qualities of sexuality are mediators and shapers of social knowledge that help to understand how causal relations, such as the reconfiguration of culture, gender and sexuality in postcolonial Kenyan society, are registered in people's self‐perceptions.
“And so lived our ancestors…”
Peter Slovtsov’s Urals Childhood and Its Meanings
Mark A. Soderstrom
This article examines the Urals roots and self-perception of the Siberian historian and bureaucrat Peter Andreevich Slovtsov (1767–1843). Best known as the author of the two-volume Historical Survey of Siberia (1838–43), Slovtsov is often described as the first Siberian patriot and precursor to the Siberian regionalist movement. Drawing on a range of published and archival sources to analyze how Slovtsov made sense of his family roots in the Urals region, the author suggests that Slovtsov is best understood as a man of the empire who understood both his own life trajectory and Siberian history as fruits of enlightened imperial rule.
Modern Women in a Modern State
Public Discourse in Interwar Yugoslavia on the Status of Women in Turkey (1923–1939)
After the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, Turkish women gained numerous political, social, and educational rights. Their rapidly improving status was a frequent topic in the public discourse of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (SHS)/Yugoslavia during the interwar years. One can find numerous comments in Yugoslav newspapers and journal articles, monographs, diaries, travel accounts, and other texts of the period on the contrast between the status of women in the “traditional,” “conservative,” theocratic Ottoman Empire and the status of women in the “modern,” “liberal,” secular Republic of Turkey. The Yugoslav media compared the status of Turkish women with the position of women’s rights in Yugoslavia. Through the analysis of interwar Yugoslav public discourse on the status of women in contemporary Turkey, this article aims to reveal the Yugoslav public’s perception of women’s issues through the prism of Turkey as Europe’s “Other” and their self-perception.
Describing the Other, Struggling with the Self
Hungarian Travel Writers in Mexico and the Revision of Western Images
This article provides an overview of nineteenth-century Hungarian travel accounts on Mexico and examines their relationship with Western European and United States travelogues. How did Hungarian travelers relate to images projected by Western accounts? How did their Hungarian/Central European background influence and alter such images? This article shows that the first Hungarian travel writers not only built on but also identified with concepts promoted by "imperial" travelers, calling attention to the power of Western texts in the representation of Mexico. A new wave of travelers at the end of the century tried to break away from the previous discourse and began to call for alternative approaches to Mexico. Based on texts so far unstudied in this context and mostly available in Hungarian only, the analysis offers new insights into the mechanics of travel writing and describes a struggle for a more just depiction of Mexico, a process also influenced by Hungarian self-perception.