Arab scholarship of sexuality is currently emerging against many obstacles. This article provides a suggestive introduction to the current state of knowledge in the area. After briefly sketching an archetype of Arab sexuality, especially its peculiar form of phallocracy, new sexual trends are reviewed, some of which adapt current practices to Shari'a law (e.g., visitation marriages), while others break with it altogether (e.g., prostitution). The article then discusses three distinctive areas of public and policy concerns in the region, namely, honor killings, impotence and Viagra use, and sex-education programs that are precipitated by concerns over HIV/AIDS. The essay concludes with an assessment of some of the main challenges still facing research into the topic in the Arab Islamic world.
When HIV Meets Government Morality
Kristin Soraya Batmanghelichi
In Iran, as in many countries worldwide, misinformation and ignorance of HIV/AIDS have encouraged a culture of secrecy and anonymity for those living with HIV. For many HIV-positive women, religious, political and economic pressures complicate their social status and access to health care. Moreover, they must contend with societal discrimination and stigmas associated with the condition. Adding nuance to contemporary studies on gender and sexuality in Iran, this report highlights the colourful narratives of a select group of HIV-positive mothers attending weekly wellness workshops in Tehran. Discussing issues of intimacy, modesty, motherhood and stigmatisation, this article explores one of Iran's expanding communities at risk of infection and the ways in which women with HIV negotiate the stigma of their condition in an Islamic Republic.
The Disappearance of Sexual Discourse in the Late Ottoman Middle East
From Belgrade to Baghdad, from Algiers to Aleppo, sexual discourse in the pre-modern Ottoman world was rich and variegated. Its manifestations were to be found in literature and poetry, in medicine and physiognomy, in religious writings and popular culture. During the nineteenth century, much of this panoply of discussions about sex disappeared or was attenuated to such an extent that it became virtually non-existent. A similar phenomenon can be perceived in Western European attitudes toward sex several decades earlier. Yet while in Europe the old sexual discursive world was replaced with a new one in short order, the Ottoman Middle East did not produce a new sexual discourse to replace the one that vanished. This article presents some of the premises of the old Ottoman sexual discourse, describes the process of their demise, and suggests an explanation for the failure to produce a new (textual) discourse of sex.
Beyond a Focus on Regulation and Vicarious Illusions
Nathan J. Wilson and David Charnock
Research, scholarship, and theorizing about the intersection of sexuality and masculinity for men and boys with intellectual disability remains, at best, seriously limited despite decades of theorizing in the international field of masculinities
Romanian and Bulgarian Migrant Male Sex Workers in Berlin
sexualities. I argue that the sexual ambiguity Sergio exposed in his verbal and nonverbal behavior is neither unique for him nor merely an individual characteristic of his persona. Instead, the contradiction between Sergio's corporeal enactment of his
A Case Study of Norman Douglas
Rachel Hope Cleves
In a December 2018 state-of-the-field essay titled “The Power of Queer History,” Regina Kunzel itemizes all the ways in which recent scholarship has highlighted sexuality's function as a conduit of power. Her survey, which focuses on US history
Sex, Gender, and Emotions among Polish Displaced Person in the Aftermath of World War II
considers their lives in the immediate postwar period. It concentrates on the sexual experiences of Polish DPs, the forms and meanings of their intimate relationships, and the response of Polish community leaders. Sexuality, repressed during the war
Mapping the City in John Rechy's City of Night
demarcate sexuality with “gay” and “straight” boundary lines are futile, as are police efforts to differentiate between “legal” and “illegal” activity. Anticipation about the novel from publishers helped make the book a projected New York Times
Counter-Ethics of Gender and Sexuality in an Indian Dream Analysis
Krishna, female figures of Hindu myth associated with desire and longing. In Sikander’s paintings, the gopis often appear as masses of female nudes, portraying female sexuality and its disruptive capacity by engaging motifs from Rajput and Bhasoli genres
Masculinity, Sexuality, and Fitness Doping
Jesper Andreasson and Thomas Johansson
the ways in which gender intersects with men's understandings of sexuality and questions concerning intimacy and relationships ( Andreasson and Johansson 2020 ). With this in mind, the current study focuses on male bodybuilders’ fitness doping