realm of a violent past. The burden of violence marks them with an intensity that renders them knowable and tangible. They become knowable in the twilight of appearing (transparency) in, and disappearing (opacity) from, the shadows of unspoken traumas
Reading between Opaque Narrative and Transparent Text
Akira Kurosawa's Kagemusha (1980) and William Shakespeare's English History Plays (c. 1591–98)
In his 1980 film Kagemusha or Shadow Warrior , Japanese director Akira Kurosawa presents the sixteenth-century Takeda clan engaging a lower-class thief to act as a ‘shadow warrior’ to impersonate their recently deceased leader, Takeda Shingen
Shifting Constellations and Permeable Boundaries in “Private” Security Contracting
Maya Mynster Christensen
Sierra Leone Civil War (1991–2002) and how they gradually morphed into emerging security constellations. To explain these constellations, I invoke the notion of “shadow soldiering” ( Christensen 2013 ). This notion draws attention to the enmeshment of the
Reading the Discursive Shadow in the Age of American Silent Cinema
Amy E. Borden
Yesterday I was in the kingdom of shadows … There, everything—the earth, the trees, the people, the water, the air—is tinted in a grey monotone: in a grey sky there are grey rays of sunlight; in grey faces, grey eyes, and the leaves of the trees
Populism as the Ideological Embodiment of the Democratic Paradox
Anthony Lawrence Borja
rule, questions that populists themselves must address. Second, by preserving and facilitating the expression of the democratic paradox, populist ideology contributes to the openness of democratic politics. This is an elaboration of the shadow
Symptoms, Sensations, Feelings
Through the fascinating late sixteenth-century legal battle over the inheritance of the Florentine nobleman Giovambattista di Bindaccio Ricasoli Baroni, in which the young Galileo Galilei appeared as a key witness, this article reflects on two key categories of emotion of the era: melancholy and terror (specifically, fear of death). In analyzing these emotions, which hounded the unfortunate Ricasoli throughout his life, the article shows that, far from being the private sentiments of a single pathological individual, these emotions reflected the mood of people living in an era when the shadow of the oppression of arbitrary power in this world and of the possibility of eternal suffering in the next were particularly salient. Moreover, seemingly perennial emotions like sadness or the fear of death or shame, far from being unchanging, can take different and unpredictable configurations in a precise historical context, based on impulses and conflicts related to the power relations and the mental patrimony of that society.
Shadows of War: Violence, Power and International Profiteering in the Twenty-First Century. By Carolyn Nordstrom. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004, 306pp, $55. ISBN: 0520242416.
This article provides the base for a narratology that is specific to comics. It takes into account the irrefutable presence of an agent responsible for graphic enunciation, the monstrator, and on the basis of a case study (Franquin, Jidéhem and Greg's album, The Shadow of Z) it deducts that the instance of the recitant is responsible for verbal enunciation. The necessity to distinguish these two instances from that of the fundamental narrator is collaborated by the different positions that can be adapted with respect to storytelling.
private lives but can also influence political attitudes. In this way, the emotional patterns and ways of thinking of the Nazi era cast a long shadow within families, and inevitably also on German society as a whole. Absent fathers played a major
Michael Jackson and Damian Grace
This article analyses the way in which the life and works of Niccolò Machiavelli are misunderstood and misconstrued by writers and scholars, in the fields of management, personality research and primate studies. While adjectives like 'Machiavellian' and nouns like 'Machiavellianism' have become part of the vernacular, these scholarly usages trade on, perpetuate and reinforce stereotypes of Machiavelli in (1) a host of books and articles in management, (2) an instrument to assess personality that has been administered to thousands of subjects around the world, and (3) authoritative studies of primate behaviours from the Netherlands to Japan. The distorted Machiavelli depicted in these fields is but a shadow of the deft, insightful and elusive Machiavelli of The Prince, The Discourses, Mandragola, The Art of War, The Florentine Histories and more. We suggest that colleagues should recognise and rebut these shadowy Machiavellis in teaching, scholarship and research. If specialists in history and political science ignore them, they will continue to obscure the reality.