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A “Capital of Hope and Disappointments”

North African Families in Marseille Shantytowns and Social Housing

Dustin Alan Harris

that in the decades following World War II had caused some North Africans to settle in slums ( îolts insalubres ) and shantytowns ( bidonvilles ). 2 According to Chombeau, North African families were hit especially hard by this housing shortage. 3 In

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Made for Maids

Female Domestic Workers and the Use of Mobile Phones in the Slums of Urban Morocco

Hsain Ilahiane

. Household wastewater, rainwater, animal manure, sewage, and garbage run in open drains throughout the shantytown, producing a stench that is nauseating even for shantytown dwellers. As one electrician and slum dweller put it, We have been living in

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Death on repeat

Violence, viral images and questioning the rule of law in Brazilian favelas

Jason B. Scott

. By reproducing the favela, Angelini argues, residents re-signify the aesthetic value of the community and produce a mechanism to transport their perspectives outside the limiting physical and social space of the shantytown. Similar to the re

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Liberating the Land or Absorbing a Community

Managing North African Migration and the Bidonvilles in Paris's Banlieues

Melissa K. Byrnes

In the late-1950s, the Parisian suburbs of Saint-Denis and Asnières-sur-Seine launched major urban renovation projects to eliminate the bidonvilles, shantytowns that often housed North African migrants. While Asnières viewed the bidonville occupants as obstacles to modernization, Saint-Denis billed its efforts as a humanitarian project to provide migrants with better housing and to support migrants' rights and social welfare. Officials in Asnières used their renovation plans to bring new, metropolitan French, families into the reclaimed areas and redistribute the single male workers outside their city. Dionysien officials, however, aimed at inclusion, providing new accommodation within the city for many families and a majority of workers. The renovation efforts in these two cities demonstrate the diversity of French reactions to North African migrants, suggest the existence of alternative notions of local community identity, and highlight the importance of the Algerian War in defining France's migration framework.

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Accueillir Les Français Rapatriés D 'algérie , Histoire D 'une Régulation Sociale Par L 'évitement Des Bidonvilles

L'exemple de Paris, 1962–1969

Yann Scioldo-Zürcher

This article explores the policies that the French government pursued to house repatriates from Algeria in 1962. These initiatives took place in the context of a French society overwhelmed by eight years of war, OAS terrorism that sought to overthrow the established order in metropolitan France, and the arrival of more than 600,000 people during the spring and the summer of 1962, a migration that challenged the social and economic balance of the country. To spare the repatriates the need to settle in shantytowns that would have put them on the fringe of society, the government opened collective housing and other centres d'hébergement. These efforts served the purpose of a policy of integration established through the 26 December 1962 law for people who were paradoxically both migrants and members of the national community. This policy in fact helped facilitate their integration into the metropolitan society.

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Cultivating Civic Ecology

A Photovoice Study with Urban Gardeners in Lisbon, Portugal

Krista Harper and Ana Isabel Afonso

many outer neighbourhoods that grew rapidly in the postwar years. As Portugal industrialised and urbanised, Alta de Lisboa became the site of shantytowns, where migrants from rural Portugal and former African colonies lived. Local residents planted

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Book Reviews

Gert Meesters, David Miranda-Barreiro, and Jakob Dittmar

's influential concept is not embraced uncritically, for example in Mark McKinney's analysis of Laurent Maffre's Demain, demain: Nanterre, bidonville de la Folie, 1962–1966 [Tomorrow, tomorrow: Nanterre, shantytown of madness, 1962–1966] as a political act, a

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F*ck the Police!

Antiblack statecraft, the myth of cops’ fragility, and the fierce urgency of an insurgent anthropology of policing

Jaime A. Alves

police's raids in the shantytowns of São Paulo ( Alves 2014a )—all these “field sites” of military and/or intellectual operation stand as porous and overlapping colonial “zones of nonbeing” ( Fanon 1967 ), enforced by men and women in uniform to protect

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The Meantime Future of Humanitarian Design

Peter Redfield

initiative of the Sustainability Institute in Stellenbosch, South Africa, the project seeks to offer a mildly ‘improved’ form of dwelling to residents inhabiting informal settlements, the urban tidal zone of shantytowns produced by continuing waves of

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The Double Force of Vulnerability

Ethnography and Environmental Justice

Grant M. Gutierrez, Dana E. Powell, and T. L. Pendergrast

landscapes” to design different socioecological futures. Flammable: Environmental Suffering in an Argentine Shantytown (2009), by Javier Auyero and Débora Alejandra Swistun, is a collaborative account that links the profound, embodied impacts of industrial