Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 37 items for :

  • "shopkeepers" x
  • All content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Elite de Façade et Mirages de l’Independance

Les Petits Entrepreneurs Etrangers en France dans l’Entre-Deux-Guerres

Claire Zalc

In the literature, immigrant entrepreneurs are described as the élite of the best “integrated” immigrants. Histories of migrant communities all insist on the role of the entrepreneurs as the center of the community and the symbol of social success. In this paper, I will discuss the diverse social meaning attached to being an entrepreneur for an immigrant in Paris during the interwar period. In order to describe the social position of immigrant entrepreneurs, I worked on professional careers, based on the study of more than two hundred applications for French nationality from foreign entrepreneurs during the first half of the twentieth century. It's hard to conclude that there is a one-way social mobility of entrepreneurs, either ascendant or descendent. While some went from the working class to owning a shop, eventually able to spend and save money, others became entrepreneurs as a necessity rather than choice.

Restricted access

Is the Kingdom of Bicycles Rising Again?

Cycling, Gender, and Class in Postsocialist China

Hilda Rømer Christensen

tested such media-created categories through my own interviews with shopkeepers and customers, as well as through everyday observations. The newspaper coverage fluctuates with international events in China over the past decades. The 2008 Olympic Games in

Restricted access

Annika Strauss

she had when she wanted to buy ‘toast’ in a shop one evening. She experienced the shopkeeper and another lady also present in the shop as very haughty. When she asked for toast in Hindi they seemingly did not understand her or what exactly she wanted

Restricted access

Suzanne Berger

Resistance. The Poujadists were a protest movement that started from a tax revolt in 1953 of shopkeepers and artisans in the Lot department in southwest France and grew to win over two million votes and fifty-two deputies in the 1956 legislative elections. In

Full access

Migration to the “First Large Suburban Ghetto” in America

Korean Immigrant Merchants in South Central Los Angeles in the 1980s

Chanhaeng Lee

-class neighborhoods, including South Central Los Angeles, before the influx of African American migrants from the South in the 1940s and 1950s. Jewish shopkeepers owned a large number of South Central Los Angeles’s furniture, jewelry, and liquor stores. During the

Full access

Nicolas Sembel

80 members in 1834 to 142 in 1850, then 236 in 1869. At this date, 58 per cent of the heads of family were shopkeepers. In 1875, Jews ‘were still unrepresented in the liberal professions … and among intellectuals’ (p. 158); having just gained his

Restricted access

Rachel Pistol

discouraged from trading in Britain unless there was ‘ample evidence that their establishment here would be likely to benefit British trade’. 13 Shopkeepers and retailers were invariably refused admission to Britain as their work was in direct competition

Open access

Sheikhs and the City

Urban Paths of Contention in Sidon, Lebanon

Are John Knudsen

supporter B, interview, 15 February 2020). Some were local businessmen, salaried professionals and shopkeepers, or returning migrants who had made their fortune abroad and now wanted to make their mark on Sidon society (policy associate, interview, Beirut, 4

Restricted access

To Smile and Not to Smile

Mythic Gesture at the Russia-China Border

Caroline Humphrey

boundaries. A Chinese Mythic Formation Manzhouli too has its own potent myth of civilization. Recently, with the rise of China as a world power, the established shopkeepers have lost patience with what they regard as Russian rudeness and insolence. Their

Open access

Stiletto Socialism

Social Class, Dressing Up, and Women's Self-Positioning in Socialist Slovenia

Polona Sitar

will focus on a life biography of one interviewee, Sonja, a shopkeeper born in Zgornji Kašelj near Ljubljana in 1928, but we will also include discourses of others to provide a broader context. 16 Interviewees were selected on the basis of their age