Sartre, Gabriel Marcel et les Recherches philosophiques Dans un entretien de 1973 à Cerisy, Gabriel Marcel rapporte une confidence de Sartre, qui lui avait confié un jour lui devoir le concept de situation . Marcel semble le premier étonné par la
Phénoménologie d’un concept sartrien
Grégory Cormann and Jérôme Englebert
Subversion, situation, and transvaluation
Hardt and Negri's transvaluation of violence into the sign of emergent revolutionary subjectivity begins in a philosophical dream, not any actual historical anthropology. Negri's politics of subversion attempt to articulate the ongoing constitution of a new multitude but actually constitute the alter ego to Pax Americana's vision of nation-state sovereignty and finance-dominated capitalism. Thorstein Veblen's critique of the finance-dominated, postmodern new order, first rendered in 1919, draws similar conclusions about fictions in sovereignty by nation-state and contradictions between vested interests and the global commons. But Veblen correctly warns against romanticizing violent tactics. An anthropology of situations will better help scholars clarify contemporary predicaments and potentials than will search for an insurgent global multitude. The issue is urgent in the situation of globalized counterinsurgency. Anthropology can and should mount a better critique of actual global politics than it can find within the values of any philosophy, even one committed to the Spinozan celebration and amplification of immanence.
T. M. S. Evens
This essay argues that the Manchester case study method or situational analysis has theoretical implications more radical than Gluckman was in a position to see, implications bearing on the nature of the reality of society. In effect, the essay is an anthropological exercise in ontology. It maintains that the problems situational analysis was designed to address were integral to, and hence irresolvable in, the Durkheimian social ontology then characterizing British social anthropology, and that situational analysis insinuated an altogether different ontology. The latter is adumbrated here by appeal to certain Heideggerian concepts in an effort to bring into relief the unique capacity of situational analysis to capture social practice in its dynamic openness and, correlatively, in relation to human agency as a distinctively creative force.
The Role of Situational (Dis)continuity and Conceptual Metaphor in the Understanding of Complex Cases of Character Perception
Maarten Coëgnarts, Miklós Kiss, Peter Kravanja, and Steven Willemsen
viewer comprehends particular scenes characterized by such discrepancies. To address this issue, we draw on two influential theories of discourse comprehension of the 1980s and 1990s, namely (1) the theory of situation model or mental model construction
Climate Change, Gender Relations, and Situational Analysis
Jonas Østergaard Nielsen
Since the major Sahelian droughts and famines of the early 1970s and 1980s, international development and aid organizations have played a large role in the small village of Biidi 2, located in northern Burkina Faso. This article explores how a visit by a development 'expert' to the village can be analyzed as a social situation in which normal social control is suspended and negotiated. Focusing on gender relations, the analysis shows how the women of Biidi 2 involved in the event were relatively free to construct alternative definitions of their identity and social position vis-à-vis the men.
The Contribution of Max Gluckman
Gluckman and the Manchester School pioneered approaches in anthropology that are now commonplace. But they were interested in achieving generalizations of both a local and more global kind. Their central methodology was that of situational analysis and extended-case analysis, which are examined here as attempts to make anthropology, via its ethnographic field method, a scientific discipline that opened out to novel ideas and theories concerning the human condition. This essay critically assesses the thinking that underpinned the methodology of situational analysis and suggests some areas of redirection. The overall idea is to impart some sense of the spirit that motivated various aspects of the Manchester innovation, especially the politics that gave it some coherence, and the wider importance of its directions that are occasionally overlooked in reflections on the history of social anthropology.
Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s
Translator : Jenanne Ferguson
of the demographic situation, it is necessary to analyze all of the factors affecting population dynamics over a long period. The demographic situation, with its quantitative characteristics and qualitative assessment, provides us with the possibility
A Dialectic on Freedom
, women’s situation, historically, economically, biologically and psychologically, conspires to render them as inferior oppressed beings, made into objects, which leaves a woman’s road to liberation a complicated issue. For Moi, The Second Sex (1949
Serialized Television and Character Interiority
This article is a preliminary exploration of how television series create psychologically rich situations, those moments where viewers are able to make many distinctive and sophisticated inferences about the mental states of characters. As scholars
evidence not only of the life of particular anthologies but of the recent situation of English comics in general. Gifford’s Ally Sloper (1976–1977) and Gravett and Stanbury’s Escape (1983–1989) embody the contradictory possibilities for creating comics