What is democratic theory? In this article we treat it as a semiotic code – that is to say, a shared assumption – and argue that democratic theory enables people to think and talk about the idea(s) of democracy. Furthermore, the application of this specific code is highly political. For one, it is embedded in concrete contexts and discourses and used in arguments and narratives. In addition, the application of democratic theory has also substantial consequences on the lives of people. We illustrate this argument by reflecting briefly on Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” and its recodification and consequences in different contexts.
Christian Ewert and Marion Repetti
Ovarian Cancer Patients’ Perspectives on Delayed Healthcare Seeking
Susanne Brandner, Wiebke Stritter, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Jalid Sehouli, Christina Fotopoulou, and Christine Holmberg
perspective generated a notion of diagnostic delay that appears as a multil-ayered phenomenon not congruent with the commonly used definition of patient-related delay. Rather, the interviewees negotiate, reproduce and reflect current social discourses on
The Repressive Policing of Contention in Queensland under Frederic Urquhart
Australian history is littered with examples of situations in which police have engaged in the use of force—in some cases, disproportionate violence—to maintain order and stability. In addition to this effort to control the population and ensure social order, extreme use of force was a key factor in repressing civil dissent and preventing marginalized communities from exercising their voice within the social discourse. Former Queensland Police Commissioner Frederic Urquhart was at the forefront of several high-profile examples of police enforcing social control during his tenure with the Queensland police, including the punitive expeditions of the Native Mounted Police Force, the civil disorder of the 1912 general strike, and the chaos associated with the 1919 Red Flag riots. In developing an appreciation for Urquhart’s behavior and motivations, it can be seen that the Queensland police have always served as a body dedicated to ensuring conformity through any means necessary.
Assumptions, Dilemmas and the South African Experience
During the past 20 years, the term ‘civil society’ has acquired a specific space within political and social discourse. Journalists have written extensively about this term, political leaders have employed it ever more frequently, and scholarly research has been equally fascinated by the idea of civil society. Paradoxically, the notion of civil society constructed its space within socio-political research as it remained largely unexamined, especially in its relation to democracy and democratization theory. Indeed, most academic literature on democratization has assumed the democratizing power of civil society, based largely on the wake of events occurring in Eastern Europe and some parts of Africa during the late 1980s and early 1990s, rather than on firmly-grounded empirical research.
Discovering the Future in the Hispanic World
Translator : Mark Hounsell
This article provides an outline of the crystallization of the concept of future in the Iberian worlds in a period extending from the end of the eighteenth century until the second half of the nineteenth century. By tracking and analyzing the vocabularies referring to the three dimensions of time—past, present, and future—in a broad corpus of documentary sources (books, journals, memoirs, pamphlets, parliamentary minutes, and so on), and particularly in the debates and speculation with regard to el porvenir, the article shows that, not only in Spain and Portugal, but in much of Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking America, the profound impact of progressive philosophies of history on political and social discourse resulted in a clear politicization of time, parallel to the temporalization of political concepts.
Shakespeare, Bildung and the Jewish Youth Movement in Germany between Integration and Jewish Self-Identification
. They participated in cultural and social discourses. They thus took part in the development of a comprehensive Bildung , which, in addition to the German classics, naturally embraced European classics. Shakespeare, with his comprehensive depictions of
Money in Shakespeare’s Sonnets
, from law, from courtship, from diplomacy, from astronomy, and so on [my italics]; there is no social discourse which he does not interrogate’. 5 And the ‘Oxford Shakespeare Topics’ introduction to the sonnets, though attempting to single out the
A Transnational Reading of Women's Life Writing about Wartime Rape in Germany and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Agatha Schwartz and Tatjana Takševa
German women at the end of World War II, and contributed to the development of broader social discourses around sexual violence in conflict. While rape in war has received increased scholarly attention since second-wave feminism with respect to other
Shakespeare, Fandom, and the Lure of the Alternate Universe
Kavita Mudan Finn and Jessica McCall
social discourse change and our interpretations must change with them in order to enact literary criticism as meaningful and relevant. Our contribution to this issue, therefore, combines traditional criticism with two different pieces of Shakespeare
Class, Gender, and Ethics in Visual Research with Girls
Janet Fink and Helen Lomax
understood to be vulnerable or socially disadvantaged ( Department of Health 2015 ; Marmot 2010 ). At the same time, there is a marked hardening of attitudes towards poorer people in both policy and wider social discourses ( Park et al. 2012 ), despite