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The Swindle of Democracy in the Neoliberal University and the Responsibility of Intellectuals

Henry A. Giroux

This article argues that democracy is on life support in the United States. Throughout the social order, the forces of predatory capitalism are on the march—dismantling the welfare state, corrupting politics with outside money, defunding higher education, expanding the corporate-surveillance-military state, widening inequalities in wealth and income, and waging a war on low income and poor minorities. As market mentalities and moralities tighten their grip on all aspects of society, democratic institutions and public spheres are being downsized, if not altogether disappearing. As these institutions vanish—from higher education to health care centers—there is also a serious erosion of the discourses of community, justice, equality, public values, and the common good. This article argues that given this current crisis, educators, artists, intellectuals, youth, and workers need a new political and pedagogical language centered around the notion of radical democracy in order to address the changing contexts and issues facing a world in which capital draws upon an unprecedented convergence of resources—financial, cultural, political, economic, scientific, military, and technological—to exercise powerful and diverse forms of control.

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Book Reviews

Bruce O'Neill, Helene Maria Kyed, Pauline Peters, Ruy Llera Blanes, and Hege Toje

Martin Demant Frederiksen, Young Men, Time, and Boredom in the Republic of Georgia (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2013), 214 pp. ISBN 9781439909188.

Didier Fassin, Enforcing Order: An Ethnography of Urban Policing (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2013), 320 pp. ISBN 9780745664798.

Ørnulf Gulbrandsen, The State and the Social: State Formation in Botswana and Its Pre-colonial and Colonial Genealogies (New York: Berghahn Books, 2014), 343 pp. ISBN 9781782383253.

Franco La Cecla and Piero Zanini, The Culture of Ethics, trans. Lydia G. Cochrane (Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press, 2013), 119 pp. ISBN 9780984201044.

Madeleine Reeves, Border Work: Spatial Lives of the State in Rural Central Asia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2014), 292 pp. ISBN 9780801477065.

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(Re)constructing Community in Berlin: Turks, Jews, and German Responsibility

Jonathan Laurence

An immigration dilemma has confronted the Federal Republic of

Germany since the early 1970s. Postwar labor migrants from predominantly

Muslim countries in the Mediterranean basin were not

officially encouraged to settle long-term, yet many stayed once

immigration was halted in 1973. Though these migrants and their

children have enjoyed most social state benefits and the right to family

reunification, their political influence has remained limited for

the last quarter-century. Foreigners from non-EU countries may not

vote in Germany, migrants are underrepresented in political institutions,

and state recognition of Muslim religious and cultural diversity

has not been forthcoming. Since 1990, however, a much smaller but

significant number of Jewish migrants from eastern Europe and the

former Soviet Union have arrived in Germany. This population of

almost 150,000 has been welcomed at the intersection of reparations

policy and immigrant integration practice.

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Germany: Hegemon or Free Rider?

Stephen F. Szabo

goal of convergence of others with the German model. “At the end, all will be like us, democratic, freedom loving, law abiding, a social state and pacifist.” Like the other authors in this survey, von Marschall sees a Germany which talks the

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From Durkheim to Jellinek

A German Origin for a Theory of Penalty Concerned with Religious Feelings?

Jean-Louis Halpérin

social state the individual members have more independence than in a lower state where the social organs are not yet adequately differentiated’, an allusion to the role of the division of labour in the evolution of conceptions of crime and penalty

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Voluntarism

Promises of Proximity as Articulated by Changing Moral Elites

Anders Sevelsted

philanthropy to the emerging social state. 4 Third, a Foucauldian camp has, on the one hand, analyzed the social reforms and charities in Copenhagen in the nineteenth century as a matter of increased surveillance and control and as an effort on the part of

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A Few Bad Apples or the Logic of Capitalism?

Neoliberal Globalization in the Economic Crime Drama Since the Millennial Turn

Sabine von Dirke

states to follow the principles of the “republican, democratic and social state governed by the rule of law.” 9 These and further articles of the Basic Law have been interpreted to constitute the “welfare state principle” ( Sozialstaatlichkeitsprinzip

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New Conditions of Work in Society and the Art of Precarity

Rolf Dieter Hepp

vulnerability are scattered across social space and meet both skilled and unskilled workers; this places fear, apprehensions, and uncertainties in society. The social state is restricted and potentially reduced via financial policy interventions. In this way

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Trickster Lessons in Early Canadian Indigenous Communities

Carolyn Podruchny

human beings, which is primarily a social state. In Robert Innes’s words, tricksters may seem to wander in “exile outside the social group as a consequence of their socially unacceptable transgressions” but the heart of their stories teaches people

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From India to Australia and Back Again

An Alternative Genealogy of The Elementary Forms of Religious Life

Sondra L. Hausner

changing ontology, over time. He is explicit on the matter: ‘I give the word “origins”, like the word “primitive”, an entirely relative sense. I do not mean by it an absolute beginning but the simplest social state known at present – the state beyond which