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Andrew M. Courtwright

Philosophical and political discussions of health inequalities have largely focused on questions of justice. The general strategy employed by philosophers like Norman Daniels is to identify a certain state of affairs—in his case, equality of opportunity—and then argue that health disparities limiting an individual's or group's access to that condition are unjust, demanding intervention. Recent work in epidemiology, however, has highlighted the importance of socioeconomic status in creating health inequalities. I explore the ways in which theories of justice have been expanded in light of this data, suggesting that more work is required if such theories are to provide an adequate framework for addressing health disparities. I conclude by sketching an alternative possibility for thinking about health disparities outside of the context of justice.

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COVID-19 as method

Managing the ubiquity of waste and waste-collectors in India

Tridibesh Dey

. Thus, the link between labour and income is variously mediated, emplacing the waste collector within multiple relations of obligation and dependence within existing socio-economic hierarchies. As such, the noted critiques of the Clean India Mission

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Beyond Metaphor

Corporeal Sociability and the Language of Commerce in Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

Joseph D. Bryan

, commerce challenged the foundations of traditional society, and luxury confused the symbols that represented the socio-economic hierarchy. Consumer culture and new sociable practices were the material referents in the process of being constituted

Open access

Manly Merchants

Commerce, Mobility and Masculinity among Afghan Traders in Eurasia

Magnus Marsden

2008 ). At another level, new forms of political economy (often referred to as reflecting the characteristics of neoliberal capitalism) have undermined older socio-economic hierarchies, including the position of established merchant classes