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The Pardoner’s Passing and How It Matters

Gender, Relics and Speech Acts

Alex da Costa

describe the swearing of oaths as performative speech. John L. Austin originally defined such speech acts as meeting two conditions: ‘A. they do not “describe” or “report” or constate anything at all, are not “true or false”; and B. the uttering of the

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Jan Ifversen

to a reductionism , which would not take into account what language users do with and to language. In his view, a history of linguistic change could only be a history of “things done with language.” 10 His privileging of speech acts and arguments as

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'Tensile Nationality'

National Identity as an Everyday Way of Being in a Scottish Hospital

Nigel Rapport

This article reports on research undertaken in a Scottish hospital on the theme of national identity, specifically Scottishness. It examines the ways and extents to which Scottishness was expressed in the workplace: as a quotidian aspect of individual and institutional identity, in a situation of high-pro file political change. The research was to situate nationality as a naturally occurring 'language-game': to explore everyday speech-acts which deployed reference to nationality/Scottishness and compare these to other kinds of overt affirmation of identity and other speech-acts when no such identity-affirmations were ostensibly made. In a contemporary Scottish setting where the inauguration of a new Parliament has made national identity a prominent aspect of public debate, the research illuminates the place of nationality amid a complex of workaday language-games and examines the status of national identity as a 'public event'.

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The digital ethnography of law

Studying online hate speech online and offline

Richard Ashby Wilson

The ethnography of social media is still a developing field, and the anthropology of online legal topics is even more incipient. This article charts a digital ethnography of the regulation of hate speech online by examining the infrastructure of social media platforms, the content of speech acts (including coded speech) and their offline effects. These three levels can be analysed using an adapted version of Erving Goffman’s heuristic model of backstage, onstage and offstage presentations of the self in everyday life. A digital ethnography of law implies both a qualitative and quantitative study of offline effects of online speech, including harmful consequences that are direct as well as indirect. On this basis, the article presents findings that, while it is difficult to identify direct effects of online hate speech on violence, show indirect effects including the silencing of dissent and an undermining of trust and cooperation in wider society.

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Monumental Misunderstandings

The Material Entextualization of Mutual Incomprehension in Sino-Mozambican Relations

Morten Nielsen and Mikkel Bunkenborg

analytical notion of entextualization through materiality. In linguistic anthropology, entextualization denotes the process by which certain speech acts are lifted out of an interactional setting in order to be treated as objects that transcend particular

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Introduction

The Social Life of Contentious Concepts

Ronald S. Stade

. 6 Anthropologists are able to make direct observations in social situations where contentious concepts are used in altercations and concepts are contested. They are in a position to not just witness the effects of speech acts but also to record

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The Anti-Help

Accusations, Mutual Help and the Containment of Ugly Feelings in the Gusii Highlands, Kenya

Teodor Zidaru-Bărbulescu

between witchcraft and language. Be it as lexicons about modernity and social transformation ( Comaroff and Comaroff 1999 ; Geschiere 1997 ; Moore and Sanders 2001 ), or as manifesting mainly through speech acts such as gossip, accusations or rumours

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Acts Is Acts

Tautology and Theopolitical Form

Maria José de Abreu

logics and themes of Brazil's political moment. Focusing on tautological speech acts within technologically mediated Charismatic practice and performance, I argue, allows us to reassess aspects of canonical political theology, such as the relation

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SimonMary Aihiokhai, Lorina Buhr, David Moore, and William Jethro Mpofu

political, since, according to their ancient Greek origin, they are speech-acts of accusation and assignment ( kategoria ) in a political setting, the agora (19–20 ). In the second and third parts, Marder introduces the classical systems of categories of

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Roberto Breña

part, has one of its biggest intellectual debts with the ideas on language of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations and the speech acts theory of J. L. Austin. Second, to the extent that the Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe tries to show