This article focuses on the means by which the state controls welfare recipients in France. The paradox of these actions, which are made in the name of legal rigor but are characterized by ambivalence and the discretionary power of grassroots agents, reveals the broader functioning of a government over the poor. These actions are based on the combination of a multitude of individual relationships, which, although unevenly coordinated, derive from the structural rationale of the post-welfare era. Individualization and uncertainty signal not so much a disaggregation of the state as a consistent mode of governance in which discretion and leeway accorded to street-level bureaucrats are necessary for the state to exert power over citizens' behaviors.
The Daily Practice of Welfare Control
Revisiting Abrams in times of crisis in Turkey and EU-Europe
and integrated entities where one (the state) acted in the interest of the other (the nation). These material foundations of the state-idea have since been fundamentally shaken in EU-Europe by the transnationalization 4 and neoliberalization 5 of the
Framing 30 June 1941 in Wikipedia
_Ukrai%C5%84skiego#/media/File:LvivRynek1941.JPG (accessed 25 February 2015). 63 McPot, State Seal of the Provisional Government of the Ukrainian State 1941 (digital image, 2013). Available from: Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declaration_of_Ukrainian_State_Act