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Contemporary “Structures” of Racism

A Sartrean Contribution to Resisting Racial Injustice

Justin I. Fugo

. As such, racism is an ideology, a system of beliefs, norms, and values that establishes, and/or reinforces structures and methods of oppression and domination that become ossified in the practico-inert, often reproducing racial hierarchy without

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Female Politicians’ Gendered Communicative Structures

A Multimodal Combination of Masculine Verbal and Feminine Nonverbal Patterns

Tsfira Grebelsky-Lichtman and Keren Mabar

current study aims to fill this gap and to analyze the multimodal gender communicative structure of female politicians. Gender communicative structure is conceptualized as the generalized descriptions comprising the features and behaviors expected of

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Being-for-itself and the Ontological Structure

Can Being-for-itself Avoid Bad Faith?

Ronald E. Santoni

-grounding and fixed nature, part of the ontological structure of the For-itself?; and (2), perhaps mainly to reformulate and extend the issue, Is bad faith essential or necessary to or inevitable in human existence? Put another way, Is this fundamental

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Belarusian Professional Protesters in the Structure of Democracy Promotion

Enacting Politics, Reinforcing Divisions

Alena Minchenia

’ numbers but furthermore transformed the structure of political opposition in Belarus that now predominately comprises of people for whom political struggles are their main job. All this, in turn, creates a condition of political dispossession ( Kocze 2015

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Examining the Relationship between Story Structure and Audience Response

How Shared Brain Activity Varies over the Course of a Narrative

Sara M. Grady, Ralf Schmälzle, and Joshua Baldwin

-cognitive processes that are key to following and engaging with narrative content. We (1) replicate studies showing that brain activity is similar across members of a movie audience; (2) examine how this shared activity varies across the act structure of an unfolding

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A Structure of Antipathy

Constructing the Villain in Narrative Film

Jens Kjeldgaard-Christiansen

not to disdain and dislike” (2009: 101). Owing to important contributions from film theorists such as Plantinga, Noël Carroll (2010) , Torben Grodal (2009) , and perhaps most prominently Murray Smith in his work on the “structure of sympathy” (1995

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Reindeer-Herding Lexicon as System-Structure Organization in the Language of the Alutor Koryaks

Anatoly Sorokin

significantly different from Koryak itself, as we will see in this article, and the Alutor semisettled way of life also makes the structure of the reindeer-herding lexicon differ from that of the nomadic Koryaks. Although there have been several detailed studies

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Supporting preservice teachers to transition to university through a purposely structured Health and Physical Education subject

Suzanne Hudson, Roslyn Franklin, Peter Hudson, and Sarah James

aimed to investigate whether a purposely structured first-year HPE subject delivered at a regional Australian university could support preservice teachers’ confidence to (1) be part of a community of learners; (2) promote success and retention at

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Meaning and Structure in Research in Medical Anthropology

William Dressler

In an earlier paper (Dressler, 2001), I suggested that medical anthropology as a research enterprise could not ignore either meaning or structure in human social life in the production of health. Rather, drawing on the early work of Bourdieu, I argued that we need to take into account both how the world is configured by the collective meanings we impose upon it, as well as the social structural (and physical) constraints on our behaviour that exist outside those meanings. Human health can be understood, in part, as the intersection of meaning and structure. Here, my aim is to extend this perspective in three ways. Firstly, I present an expanded theoretical framework within which collectivei meaning and social structure can be conceptualised. A useful theoretical framework must take into account paradoxical features of culture, including the seeming contradiction that it is a property both of social aggregates and of individuals, and that, ultimately, social structural constraints external to individuals depend on shared meaning. Secondly, I review recent research employing this perspective conducted in Brazil, the southern United States and Puerto Rico. These studies have all employed a 'structural-constructivist' theoretical orientation, using especially the concept of 'cultural consonance', or the degree to which individuals incorporate shared meaning into their own beliefs and behaviour. Where individual efforts to attain a higher cultural consonance are frustrated by structural constraints, poor health results. Thirdly, I consider some of the policy implications of this perspective. While much work in traditional public health focuses on a highly individualised notion of meaning (as in 'health beliefs'), it seems unlikely that the health of populations can be altered substantially without taking into account the structures that constrain individual action.

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The Segmenting Spectator: Documentary Structure and The Aristocrats

Greg M. Smith

This article argues that an emphasis on how spectators piece together documentary structure is more useful than nonfiction film theory's focus on epistemology and categorization. By examining individual texts such as The Aristocrats, critics can develop a set of devices that provide a better explanation of documentary comprehension at the local level. As an example, this article shows how a spectatorial position as an insider in the comedy world and the device of the "conversational turn" help us both segment the documentary flow and unify it.