The secularity of the state is seen by 'authoritarian populist' religious conservatives as imposing a world-view that is out of touch with the deep religious commitments that guide their lives. In the process, authoritarian populists have taken on subaltern identities and claimed that they are the last truly dispossessed groups. To demonstrate their increasing power in educational and social policy, I situate a specific set of technologies—the Internet—within the social context of its use in this community. I focus on the growing home-schooling movement and suggest that to understand the societal meaning and uses of these technologies, we need to examine the social movement that provides the context for their use. I also argue that we need to analyze critically the kind of labor that is required in home schooling, who is engaged in such labor, and how such labor is interpreted by the actors who perform it.
Gender, Culture, and the Work of Home Schooling
Michael W. Apple
relatively under-researched field, combining as they do the subaltern status as women in a patriarchal society with the low status of travel writing as a genre. Various recent academics have dealt with the subject of women travel writers and their history
Marco Solimene, Mariann Vaczi, Paul Manning, Bozena Sojka, Stephen Quilley, Anna Zhelnina, and Aimar Ventsel
cultural terms if not in economic power or military capacity. Since the Second World War, this ‘soft power’ has centred on a surprising diplomatic and cultural reach consequent upon a series of factors. These include: the English language; a subaltern