Among the many theories of socialization, that of Durkheim stands out. While most analyses of socialization are individualistic, that of Durkheim is holistic. This singularity presents a challenge to the modern mind, which is dominated by individualism. Reading Durkheim's analysis of socialization, like the rest of his work, requires the difficult task of overcoming one's natural tendency to do so through an individualistic lens. This paper is an attempt to restore the original holistic meaning of this analysis. It aims to correct some of Durkheim's commentators' re-interpretations of his views and the everyday language that he uses in individualistic terms. Particular attention is given to Durkheim's distinction between authority and power. This distinction has huge implications for Durkheim's interpretation of socialization, which he sees as a process that primarily involves a particular relationship - one that he describes in terms of 'submission' - with the authority of society.
Guy van de Walle
The consent theory of power, whereby ruling elites depend ultimately on the submission, cooperation and obedience of the governed as their source of power, is often linked to debates about the effectiveness of non-violent political action. According to this theory, ruling elites depend ultimately on the submission, cooperation and obedience of the governed as their source of power. If this cooperation is with-drawn, then this power is undermined. Iain Atack outlines this theory and examines its strengths and weaknesses. Atack argues that incorporating the insights of other theories of power, such as Gramsci's theory of hegemony and Foucault's views on 'micro-power', can provide us with a more sophisticated understanding of both the effectiveness and the limits of nonviolent political action than the consent theory of power. Gramsci's contribution deepens the analysis in terms of our understanding of the origins of individual consent in the context of larger economic and political structures, while Foucault adds a different dimension, in that his micro-approach emphasizes the ubiquity and plurality of power, rather than its embodiment or reification in large-scale structures.
Forms of Submission and Top-Down Power in Orthodox Ethiopia
Diego Maria Malara and Tom Boylston
submission and attitudes toward legitimate power in different social arenas. We have found that the play of power and legitimate authority that is typical of hierarchy cannot be described solely in terms of the organizing values understood per Dumont ([1980
Rethinking the Influence of Elena Fortún’s Celia
Ana Puchau de Lecea
of Spanish society and social change and established a dialogue with her audience, rather than writing books to be read without interrogation. Girls under Dictatorship Obedience, Submission, and Censorship And the tone they use! ‘When adults speak
Sexual Autonomy and the End of the French Republic in Michel Houellebecq’s Submission
“La France ça n’est pas Michel Houellebecq … ça n’est pas l’intolérance, la haine, la peur” Prime Minister Manuel Valls, 8 January 2015 At the start of 2015 Submission was the talk of France. * Even before its publication, Michel Houellebecq
My native country, the Netherlands, has just been sucked into its next cycle of popular culturalist violence. Last week (November 2, 2004) in Amsterdam, the filmmaker T. Van Gogh was shot from his bike, his throat slit, and stabbed through the heart by a 26-year-old Dutch Moroccan. Van Gogh had recently produced (with Hirsi Ali, see Focaal 42) an intentionally offensive and facile drama, Submission, broadcast on television, about perceived Islamic intrusions on the female body.
Yoram Peri and Paul L. Scham
We write this in early February 2019, as the parties in the upcoming Israeli elections (due to take place on 9 April) are still sorting themselves out before the deadline for submission of party lists. Social media and ordinary conversations are full of speculations, such as “will Benny and Bogie run with Yair, and will Gabi join them?” and “will Orly, Tami, Yvet, or even Avi fail to make the threshold?” Of course, the ultimate question is, “will Benny topple Bibi?”
What impact did the so-called Vatileaks scandal have on Italian politics? And how deep were the connections between the Vatican and the Italian transition of political assets in 2012? This in-depth analysis shows that the problems of the Church in relation to the state came much before the 2012 crisis, namely, during the time of the reluctant submission of Catholic hierarchies to Berlusconism.
An Argument Catalogue of Submissions to the 2000 Australian Government Inquiry into the Education of Boys
This article describes a study of a sample of submissions to an Australian government Inquiry into the Education of Boys, using a relatively new methodology for reviewing literature, called an argument catalogue. The study examines the usefulness of the methodology to an analysis of the complex field of boys’ education. The author argues that the argument catalogue approach offers a way of including and analysing all voices within the field, particularly the previously under-represented views of parents and practitioners and that despite complexities, there are commonalities that can be built on, which are critical to any positive change in this field.
Asher Colombo and Giuseppe Sciortino
On 11 November 2002, the terms of the amnesty promoted by the second
Berlusconi government to legalize those foreign workers without
residence permits expired. The amnesty, the fifth of its kind in Italy
over the last two decades, saw the submission of 702,156 applications.
If, as expected, the overwhelming majority of these applications
see the concession of residence permits, the overall effect will
be greater than that of the sum of the two previous amnesties, promoted
respectively by the Lamberto Dini government in 1995 and the
Romano Prodi government in 1998.